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ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP THI TỐT NGHIỆP MÔN TIẾNG ANH

ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP THI TỐT NGHIỆP MÔN TIẾNG ANH

ĐỀ CƯƠNG ÔN TẬP THI TỐT NGHIỆP MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÓ ĐÁP ÁN bao gồm 13 chủ đề ✅PHONETICS ✅TENSES ✅PASSIVE VOICE ✅REPORTED SPEECH ✅RELATIVE CLAUSE ✅WRITING ✅READING COMPREHENSION ✅VOCABULARY ✅CORRECTION ✅VERB FORM ✅WORD FORM ✅PREPOSITION – ARTICLE ✅MODAL VERB ✅CLAUSE OF PURPOSE ✅CLAUSE OF CONCESSSION

​Part I: PHONETICS

I. Different sound

1. A. heat B. scream C. meat D. dead

2. A. prepared B. particular C. pagoda D. attract

3. A. thrilling B. other C. through D. something

4. A. idea B. going C. will D. trip

5. A. face B. place C. prepared D. days

6. A. around B. sound C. only D. mouse

7. A. teacher B. other C. together D. term

8. A. Germany B. garden C. gate D. gas

9. A. scholarship B. Christ C. school D. chicken

10. A. house B. harm C. hour D. husband

11. A. sing B. morning C. any D. hang

12. A. hundred B. exhausted C. however D. heat

13. A. head B. ready C. mean D. weather

14. A. choir B. cheap C. child D. chair

15. A. charge B. child C. teacher D. champagne

16. A. reason B. clear C. mean D. each

17. A. motion B. question C. mention D. fiction

18. A. gather B. good C. large D. again

19. A. change B. children C. machine D. church

20. A. hand B. bank C. sand D. band

21. A. cooks B. loves C. joins D. spends

22. A. share B. rare C. are D. declare

23. A. clothes B. cloths C. roofs D. books

24. A. naked B. looked C. booked D. hooked

25. A. laughed B. weighed C. helped D. missed

26. A. apply B. university C. identity D. early

27. A. choice B. achieve C. each D. chemistry

28. A. final B. applicant C. high D. decide

29. A. average B. indicate C. application D. grade

30. A. course B. four C. our D. yours

31. A. worker B. whom C. interview D. answer

32. A. honest B. holiday C. home D. happiness

33. A. character B. teacher C. chemist D. technical

34. A. interview B. minute C. question D. suitable

35 A. explained B. disappointed C. prepared D. interviewed

36. A. economy B. industry C. qualify D. priority

37. A. right B. private C. communist D. minority

38. A. measure B. subsidies C. domestic D. hospital

39. A. though B. encourage C. enough D. country

40. A. improve B. introduce C. move D. lose

41. A. future B. mature C. pasture D. nature

42. A. chore B. technology C. much D. exchange

43. A. threaten B. earth C. healthy D. breathe

44. A. wipe B. allow C. powerful D. answer

45. A. service B. practice C. office D. device

46. A. grasses B. stretches C. comprises D. potatoes

47. A. lie B. wide C. circle D. comprise

48. A. compound B. route C. house D. south

49. A. dune B. hummock C. shrub D. buffalo

50. A. west B. between C. growth D. which

II. Stress

1. A. comprise B. sandy C. circle D. northern

2. A. Aborigines B. expedition C. kilometer D. scientific

3. A. corridor B. enormous C. mystery D. separate

4. A. remain B. hummock C. explore D. between

5. A. territory B. Australia C. geography D. society

6. A. eject B. crossbar C. except D. commit

7. A. canoeing B. opponent C. windsurfing D. defensive

8 A. participant B. publicity C. competitive D. individual

9 A. interfere B. memory C. personal D. vertical

10 A. award B. defeat C. refer D. scuba

11. A. social B. conduct C. survey D. value

12. A. marvelous B. attention C. consider D. excited

13. A. verbal B. whistle C. precede D. marriage

14. A. attract B. decide C. reject D. beauty

15. A. solution B. suitable C. confidence D. family

16. A. conical B. determine C. contractual D. supportive

17. A. physical B. mischievous C. suitable D. romantic

18. A. ancestor B. measurement C. counterpart D. appearance

19. A. commitment B. inflation C. collection D. enterprise

20. A. dissolve B. observe C. publish D. appraise

21. A. technology B. psychology C. reconstruction D. apology

22. A. between B. result C. ago D. coffee

23. A. waving B. teaching C. pointing D. divide

24. A. student B. listen C. blackboard D. between

25. A. traditional B. professional C impossible D. decoration

26. A. economics B. interfere C. philosophy D. punctuality

27. A. secondary B. primary C. fantastic D. national

28. A. education B. curriculum C. technology D. integrity

29. A. because B. method C. standard D. wooden

30. A. ashtray B. music C. severe D. temper

31. A. farewell B. thoughtful C. toward D. approach

32. A. mischievous B. family C. supportive D. suitable

33. A. desert B. parallel C. hummock D. aerial

34. A. measure B. pressure C. unwise D. sacrifice

35. A. attitude B. partnership C. actually D. Vietnamese

36. A. survey B. enormous C. remained D. mystery

37. A. diversity B. marriage C. engagement D. importance

38. A. European B. Victorian C. Brazilian D. Korean

39. A. America B. equal C. maintain D. attractive

40. A. confide B. reject C. precede D. conical

41. A. expedition B. exploration C. Australian D. Geographical

42. A. appropriate B. interesting C. different D. cultural

43. A. culture B. engage C. majority D. determine

44. A. romantic B. counterpart C. discussion D. appearance

45. A. bridegroom B. bamboo C. wedding D. survey

46. A. supernatural B. explanation C. redundancy D. electronic

47. A. gymnastics B. criminal C. investment D. excitement

48. A. financial B. ambitious C. refusal D. evidence

49. A. confess B. function C. jealous D. patient

50. A. possibility B. manufacture C. instrument D. disappointed

​Part II: TENSES

1. When I got home I found that water………………………….down the kitchen walls

A. ran B. was running C. has run D. had been running

2. After he…………………..his English course, he went to England to continue his study

A. has finish B. had finished C. was finished D. would finish

3. How…………………….since we …………………college?

A. are you- left B. were you- left C. have you been- have left D. have you been- left

4. I………………much of you lately. We……………………..three months ago

A. haven’t seen- last meet B. didn’t see- met C. haven’t seen- have meet D. didn’t see- have met

5. The Chinese…………………..spaghetti dishes for a long time before Marco Polo……………..back to Italy

A. made- brought B. have made- brought C. made- had brought D. had been making- brought

6. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker……………..speaking and the audience……………….

A. just finished- were clapping B. had just finished- had clapped

C. had just finished- were clapping D. just finished- had clapped

7. He………………………..his job last month and then he………………out of work

A. lost- was B. was lost- had been C. has lost- was D. lost- has been

8. In the last hundred years, travelling…………………..much easier and more comfortable

A. become B. has become C. became D. will became

9. In the 19th century, it………….two or three months to across North America by covered wagon

A. took B. had taken C. had been taken D. was taking

10. In the past, the trip……………….very rough and often dangerous, but things……….a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years

A. was- have changed B. is- change C. had been- will change D. has been- changed

11. She…………….Hanoi last year

A. went B. go C. goes D. is going

12. Now you ………………from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours

A. are flying B. would fly C. will fly D. can fly

13. When Carol………………..last night, I…………….my favorite show on television

A. was calling- watched B. called- have watched C. called- was watching D. had called- watched

14. By the time next summer, you………………..your studies

A. completes B. will complete C. are completing D. will have completed

15. Right now, Jim……………..the newspaper and Kathy……………dinner

A. reads- has cooked B. is reading- is cooking

C. has read- was cooking D. read- will be cooking

16. Last night at this time, they…………………………..the same thing. She……………..and he…………the newspaper

A. are doing- is cooking- is reading B. were doing- was cooking- was reading

C. was doing- has cooked- is reading D. had done- was cooking- read

17. Sam…………..to change a light bulb when he…………….and…………………….

A. was trying-slipped- fell B. tried- was slipping- falling

C. had been trying- slipped- was falling D. has tried- slips- falls

18. Every day I _________up at 6 o’clock, _______breakfast at seven o’clock and_______for work at 8 o’clock

A. get- eat- leave B. have got- eating- leaving C. got- ate- left D. will get- have eaten- left

19. I…………………….. for this company for more then thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I…………..next year

A. am working- will retire B. am going to work- am retiring

C. work- am going to retire D. have been working- retire

20. My mother is the first……………..up and the last………………….to bed

A. getting- going B. to get- going C. getting- to go D. to get- to go

21. I must have a bath. I ………………….all the afternoon

A. was gardening B. have gardened C. have been gardening D. had been gardening

22. The team……………..a single match so far this season

A. doesn’t win B. didn’t win C. hasn’t won D. hadn’t won

23. By the time you receive this letter, I …………….for the USA

A. have left B. will leave C. will have left D. am leaving

24. Up to now, the manager ………………..a lot of information about his secretary.

A. learned B. has learned C. had learned D. learns

25. Where is Mary? _ She ……………her homework in her room.

A. is performing B. is making C. is doing D. is learning

26. While I ……………….along the road, I saw a friend of mine.

A. was cycling B. have cycled C. cycled D. am cycling

27. By the time I . . . . . . . . . . this report, I will give you a ring.

A. type B. will type C. have typed D. will have typed

28. While my mother ________ a film on TV, my father was cooking dinner. It was March 8th yesterday.

A. watched B. was watching C. had watched D. watches

29. The plane from Dallas ________ two hours late, so I missed my connecting flight from Frankfurt to London.

A. took on B. took in C. took over D. took off

30. When we came, a party _________ in the hall.

A. is being held B. had being held C. will be held D. was being held

31. He ………….. in the same house since 1975.

A. has lived B. is living C. lived D. had lived

32. When I came to visit her last night, she ________ a bath.

A. is having B. was having C. has D. had

33.When we arrived at the restaurant, the others __________ .

A. left B. have left C. had left D. are leaving

34. By the end of 2010 we_______ in Ho Chi Minh City for 30 years.

A. work B. will work C. have worked D. will have worked

  1. I learned that the college ________ in 1900

A. found B. was founded C. founded D. had been founded

  1. If I ________ 10 years younger, I _________ the job.

A. am/ will take B. were/ would take C. would be/ took D. had been / would take

  1. By the time he _____________ to the meeting, it had begun for 15 minutes.

A. had gone B. has gone C. went D. was going

38. He began to feel ill while ___________________.

A. he is doing the exam B. he did the exam C. he would do the exam D. he was doing the exam.

  1. Since 1980, scientists the world over _____ a lot of things to fight against AIDS.

A. have done B. are doing C. did D. had done

  1. Now my sister _____ a bicycle of her own.

A. is having B. are having C. has D. had

  1. Last week, my professor promised that he _____ today.

A. would come B. will come C. comes D. coming

  1. My girl friend arrived after I _____ for her about half an hour.

A. was waiting B. had been waiting C. have been waiting D. have waited

  1. I _____ in Quang Ngai before I moved to Binh Thuan.

A. have been living B. have lived C. had lived D. had been living

  1. There are many ways _____ to Rome.

A. is leading B. are leading C. leading D. led

45. While I ____________ T.V last night, a mouse ran across the floor.

A. watch B. watched C. am watching D. was watching

46. I still can’t believe it! My bicycle _________ last night.

A. was stolen B. had been stolen C. stole D. was being stolen

  1. While they were ________tables, he was _________ the radio.

A. arranging listening to B. arranging hearing C. laying listening to D. making hearing

  1. I suddenly remembered that I ……..to bring my keys.

A. having forgotten B. have forgotten C. had forgotten D. forgot

  1. By the year 2010 many people currently employed ________their jobs.
    A. will have lost B. will be losing C. have lost D. are losing

50. By September next year I_______ here for ten years.
A. will be working B. work C. will have been working D. have been working

​Part III: PASSIVE VOICE

1. We can’t go along here because the road……………………

A. is repairing B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. repairs

2. The story I’ve just read……………….Agatha Christie

A. was written B. was written by C. was written from D. wrote by

3. I’m going to go out and………………………………………….

A. have cut my hair B. have my hair cut C. cut my hair D. my hair be cut

4. Something funny ………………………in class yesterday

A. happened B. was happened C. happens D. is happened

5. Many US automobiles……………………in Detroit, Michigan

A. manufacture B. have manufactured C. are manufactured D. are manufacturing

6. A lot of pesticide residue can…………………………………..unwashed produce

A. find B. found C. be finding D. be found

7. We………………by a loud noise during the night

A. woke up B. are woken up C. were woken up D. were waking up

8. Some film stars……………….difficult to work with

A. are said be B. are said to be C. say to be D. said to be

9. Why did Tom keep making jokes about me? – I don’t enjoy……………………at

A. be laughed B. to be laughed C. laughing D. being laughed

10. Today, many serious childhood diseases………………………by early immunization

A. are preventing B. can prevent C. prevent D. can be prevented

11. Do you get your heating……………………..every year?

A. checking B. check C. be checked D. checked

12. Bicycles…………………..in the driveway

A. must not leave B. must not be leaving C. must not be left D. must not have left

13. Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony…………………..next weekend

A. is going to be performed B. has been performed

D. will be performing D. will have perform

14. All bottles………………………………..before transportation

A. frozen B. were froze C. were frozen D. are froze

15. ………………………………………..yet?

A. Have the letters been typed B. Have been the letters typed

C. Have the letters typed D. Had the letters typed

16. English has become a second language in countries like India, Nigeria or Singapore where……………..for administration, broadcasting and education

A. is used B. it is used C. used D. being used

17. The telephones…………..by Alexander Graham Bell

A. is invented B. is inventing C. invented D. was invented

18. Lots of houses……………….by the earthquake

A. are destroying B. destroyed C. were destroyed D. is destroyed

19. Gold…………………….in California in the 19th century

A. was discovered B. has been discovered C. was discover D. they discover

20. The preparation…………………..by the time the guest……………………….

A. had been finished- arrived B. have finished- arrived

C. had finished-were arriving D. have been finished- were arrived

  1. The boy_____ by the teacher yesterday.

A. punish B. punished C. punishing D. was punished

22. “Ms Jones, please type those letters before noon”_ “They’ve already ______, sir. They’re on your desk.”

A. typed B. been being typed C. being typed D. been typed

23. Sarah is wearing a blouse. It___________ of cotton.

A. be made B. are made C. is made D. made

24. They had a boy _______ that yesterday.

A. done B. to do C. did D. do

25. We got our mail ______ yesterday.

A. been delivered B. delivered C. delivering D. to deliver

26. James……..the news as soon as possible.

A. should tell B. should be told C. should told D. should be telled

27. My wedding ring ______ yellow and white gold.

A. is made B. is making C. made D. make

  1. Mr. Wilson is _______ as Willie to his friend.

A. known B. knew C. is known D. know

29. References _____ in the examination room.

A. not are used B. is not used C. didn’t used D. are not used

30. Laura ______ in Boston.

A. are born B. were born C. was born D. born

31. His car needs ________.

A. be fixed B. fixing C. to be fixing D. fixed

32. Her watch needs _______.

A. repairing B. to be repaired C. repaired D. A and B

33. My mother is going _____ this house.

A. sold B. sell C. to be sold D. to sell

34. There’s somebody behind us. I think we are _______.

A. being followed B. are followed C. follow D. following

35. Have you _____ by a dog?

A. bite B. bit C. ever been bitten D. ever been bit

36. The room is being _____ at the moment.

A. was cleaned B. cleaned C. cleaning D. clean

37. It _____ that the strike will end soon.

A. is expected B. expected C. are expected D. was expected

38. It is _____ that many people are homeless after the floods.

A. was reported B. reports C. reported D. reporting

39. He was said _____ this building.

A. designing B. to have designed C. to design D. designed

40. Ted ______ by a bee while he was sitting in the garden.

A. got sting B. got stung C. get stung D. gets stung

41. These tennis courts don’t _____ very often. Not many people want to play.

A. got used B. used C. get used D. get use

42. I’ll get Minh _____ do this for you.

A. do B. done C. did D. to do

43. Those letters ________ now. You can do the typing later.

A. need typing B. needn’t be typed C. need to type D. needn’t typing

44. “What a beautiful dress you are wearing”- “thanks, it_____ especially for me by a French tailor.”

A. is made B. has made C. made D. was made

45. Somebody cleans the room every day.

A. The room everyday is cleaned. B. The room is every day cleaned.

C. The room is cleaned every day. D. The room is cleaned by somebody every day.

46. People don’t use this road very often.

A. This road is not used very often. B. Not very often this road is not used.

C. This road very often is not used. D. This road not very often is used.

47. How do people learn languages?

A. How are languages learned? B. How are languages learned by people?

C. How languages are learned? D. Languages are learned how?

48. Over 1500 new houses _______ each year. Last year, 1720 new houses _______.

A. were built/ were built B. are built/ were built

C. are building / were built D. were built/ were being built

49. Tom bought that book yesterday.

A. That book was bought by Tom yesterday. B. That book was bought yesterday by Tom.

C. That book yesterday was bought by Tom D. That book was bought yesterday.

50. The new computer system _____ next month.

A. is be installed B. is being installed

C. is been installed D. is being installed by people

​Part IV: CONDITIONAL CLAUSE

1. “Would you mind if we ___you by your first name?”

Not at all. Please call me Tom.”

A. called B. call C. calling D. want to call

2. She cant get home ___ she has no money.

A. unless B. if C. until D. without

3. If I had known your new address, we ___to see you.

A. came B. will come C. would come D. would have come

4. If we took the 10:30 train, ___.

A. we would arrive too early B. we should arrive too early

C. we will arrive too early D. we may arrive too early

5. Its very crowded here. I wish there ___ so many people.

A. arent B. werent C. havent been D. isnt

6. I wouldnt go there at night if I ___ you.

A. am B. was C. were D. had been

7. If I ___ get a pole, Ill go fishing.

A. can B. could C. may D. might

8. If they had enough time, they ___ head south.

A. will B. can C. must D. might

9. If you ___ a choice, which country would you visit?

A. have B. had C. have had D. will have

10. Trees wont grow ___ there is enough water.

A. if B. when C. unless D. as

11. ___ she agreed, you would have done it.

A. If B. Had C. Should D. Would

12. If you ___ to be chosen for the job, youll have to be experienced in the field.

A. want B. wanted C. had wanted D. wants

13. If the doctor had arrived sooner, the boy ___.

A. might be saved B. have been saved C. was saved D. might have been saved

14. If there ___, the rice fields could have been more productive.

A. had been enough water B. were enough water C. would be enough water D. are enough water

15. The patient could not recover unless he ___ an operation.

A. had undergone B. would undergo C. underwent D. was undergoing

16. If she ___ him, she would be very happy.

A. would meet B. will meet C. is meeting D. should meet

17. If he ___ a thorough knowledge of English, he could have applied for this post.

A. had had B. had C. has D. has had

18. If I had enough money, I ___ abroad to improve my English.

A. will go B. would go C. should go D. should have to go

19. If it ___ convenient, lets go out for a drink tonight.

A. be B. is C. was D. were

20. If you ___ time, please write to me.

A. have B. had C. have had D. has

21. If it ___ tomorrow, we may postpone going on a picnic.

A. rains B. will rain C. shall rain D. raining

22. If you hadnt watched that late mivie last night, you ___ sleepy now.

A. wouldnt have been B. wouldnt be C. might have not been D. wouldnt have been being

23. If you ___ as I told you, you ___ sorry now.

A. did- would not be B. had done- had not been C. do – would not be D. had done – would not be

24. If only I ___ him now.

A. see B. saw C. have seen D. seen

25. If I ___, Ill let you know.

A. am staying B. will stay C. do stay D. would stay

26. If only I ___ you wanted to invest money in business.

A. had known B. knew C. have known D. know

27. Linda wishes she ___her car.

A. hasnt sold B. hadnt sold C. doesnt sell D. wont sell

28. He looked frightened as if he___a ghost.

A. had seen B. saw C. would see D. was seeing

29. I wish it ___ a holiday today.

A. were B. will be C. is D. had been

30. “My car broke down when I was leaving Detroit and I had to take the bus.”

___, we would have picked you up.”

A. Had we known B. If we have known C. We had known D. If we did know

31. If I ___ as young as you are, I ___ in a boat round the world.

A. were- would sail B. would be – would sail C. were- will sail D. would- would sail

32. If he___tickets yesterday, he ___ on the beach now.

A. had booked- would be lying B. had booked- would have lied

C. booked – would lie D. books- will lie

33. If you ___ less last night, you ___ so bad today.

A. had drunk- would not have felt B. drank- would not feel

C. had drunk- would not feel D. would have drunk- would not feel

34. It seemed as if he ___ of it before.

A. would never hear B. has never heard C. never heard D. had never heard

35. ___ today, she would get home by Friday.

A. Would she leave B. Was she leaving C. Were she to leave D. If she leaves

36. “Hes a very brave man.” “Yes, I wish I ___ his courage.”

A. have B. had C. will have D. would have

37. ___he___ hard last year, he would have lost the first prize.

A. Hadnt – studied B. Had- studied C. Didnt study D. If – had studied

38. Were going to be late if ___.

A. we not leave right now B. we didnt leave right now

C. we wont leave right now D. we dont leave right now

39. “I wish this city___ so noisy.” “I know. I wish we ___ in the countryside.”

A. isnt – live B. wasnt – live C. werent- live D. werent – lived

40. He acted as though he___ for days.

A. not eat B. hasnt eaten C. hadnt eaten D. didnt eat

41. We ___ the game if wed had a few more minutes.

A. might have won B. won C. had won D. will win

42. I ___ William with me if I had known you and he didnt get along with each other.

A. hadnt brought B. didnt bring C. wouldnt have brought D. wont bring

43. If you ___ to my advice in the first place, you wouldnt be in this mess right now.

A. listen B. will listen C. had listened D. listened

44. ___ interested in that subject, I would try to learn more about it.

A. Were I B. Should I C. I was D. If I am

45. I ___ you sooner had someone told me you were in the hospital.

A. would have visited B. visited C. had visited D. visit

46. ___ then what I know today, I would have saved myself a lot of time and trouble over the years.

A. Had I known B. Did I know C. If I know D. If I would know

47. Do you think there would be less conflict in the world if all people ___ the same language?

A. spoke B. speak C. had spoken D. will speak

48. Unless you ___ all of my questions, I cant do anything to help you.

A. answered B. answer C. would answer D. are answering

49. Had you told me that this was going to happen, I ___ it.

A. would never have believed B. dont believe C. hadnt believed D. cant believe

50. If Jake ___ to go on the trip, would you have gone?

A. doesnt agree B. didnt agree C. hadnt agreed D. wouldnt agree

​Part V: REPORTED SPEECH

1. Julia said that she ___________ there at noon.

A. is going to be B. was going to be C. will be D. can be

2. He _______ that he was leaving way that afternoon.

A. told me B. told to me C. said me D. says to me

3. She said to me that she __________ to me the Sunday before.

A. wrote B. has written C. was writing D. had writing

4. I _________ him to sell that old motorbike.

A. said to B. suggested C. advised D. recommended

5. My parents reminded me ________ the flowers.

A. remember to plant B. not to plant to plant C. to plant D. planting

6. I asked Martha ______ to enter law school.

A. are you planning B. is she planning C. was she planning D. if she was planning

7. Nam wanted to know what time ________.

A. does the movie begin B. did the movie begin C. the movie begins D. the movie began

8. I wondered_______ the right thing.

A. whether I was doing B. if I am doing C. was I doing D. am I doing

9. The scientist said the earth ________ the sun.

A. goes around B. is going around C. went around D. was going around

10. Peter said that if he ________rich, he _________ a lot.

A. is – will travel B. were – would travel

C. had been – would have travelled D. was – will travel

11. They said that they had been driving through the desert__________.

A. the previous day B. yesterday C. the last day D. Sunday previously

12. He asked the children _________too much noise.

A. not to make B. not making C. don’t make D. if they don’t make

13. The man said that the days _________longer in summer.

A. will be B. are C. were D. can be

14. The teacher said Columbus _________America in 1942.

A. discovered B. had discovered C. was discovering D. would discover

15. John said he _________ her since they ________ school.

A. hasn’t met – left B. hadn’t met – had left C. hadn’t met – left D. didn’t meet – has left

16. The woman asked __________get lunch at school.

A. can the children B. whether the children could C. if the children can D. could the children

17. Laura said that when she_________ to school, she saw an accident.

A. was walking B. has walked C. had been walking D. has been walking

18. He asked, “Why didn’t she take the final exam?” – He asked why __________ the final exam.

A. she took B. did she take C. she hadn’t taken D. she had taken

19. Ba said he__________ some good marks last semester.

A. gets B. got C. getting D. have got

20. They told their parents that they___________ their best to do the test.

A. try B. will try C. are trying D. would try

21. She asked me where I___________ from.

A. come B. coming C. to come D. came

22. She_________ me whether I liked classical music or not.

A. ask B. asks C. asked D. asking

23. He asked me who____________ the editor of that book.

A. was B. were C. is D. has been

24. He wants to know whether I ___________ back tomorrow.

A. come B. came C. will come D. would come

25. I wonder why he___________ love his family.

A. doesn’t B. don’t C. didn’t D. hasn’t

26. They asked me how many children___________.

A. I had B. had I C. I have D. have I

27. Thu said she had been___________ the day before.

A. here B. there C. in this place D. where

28. The student said that the English test_______ the most difficult.

A. is B. was C. will be D. have been

29. He wanted to know _______ shopping during the previous morning.

A. if we had been going B. that if we had been going C. we were going D. that we were going

30. He asked me _______ Robert and I said I did not know _______.

A. that did I know / who were Robert B. that I knew / who Robert were

C. if I knew / who Robert was D. whether I knew / who was Robert

31. The mother asked her son _______.

A. where he has been B. where he had been C. where has he been D. where had he been

32. Martin asked me _______.

A. how is my father B. how my father is C. how was my father D. how my father was

33. The host asked Peter _______ tea or coffee.

A. whether he preferred B. that he preferred C. did he prefer D. if he prefers

34. She asked me _______ my holidays _______.

A. where I spent / the previous year B. where I had spent / the previous year

C. where I spent / last year D. where did I spend / last year

35. He advised _______ too far.

A. her did not go B. her do not go C. her not to go D. she did not go

36. John often says he _______ boxing because it _______ a cruel sport.

A. does not like / is B. did not like / were C. not liked / had been D. had not liked / was

37. Nancy asked me why I had not gone to New York the summer _______.

A. before B. ago C. last D. previous

38. He asked _______ him some money.

A. her to lend B. she to lend C. she has lent D. she lends

39. Andrew told me that they _______ fish two _______ days.

A. have not eaten / ago B. had not eaten / previous C. did not eat / before D. would not eat / last

40. Jason told me that he _______ his best in the exam the _______ day.

A. had done / following B. will do / previous C. would do / following D. was going / previous

41. John asked me _______ in English.

A. what does this word mean B. what that word means

C. what did this word mean D. what that word meant

42. The mother told her son _______ so impolitely.

A. not behave B. not to behave C. not behaving D. did not behave

43. She said she _______ collect it for me after work.

A. would B. did C. must D. had

44. She said I _______ an angel.

A. am B. was C. were D. have been

45. I have ever told you he _______ unreliable.

A. is B. were C. had been D. would Be

46. I told him _______ the word to Jane somehow that I _______ to reach her during the early hours.

A. passing / will try B. he will pass / tried C. to pass / would be trying D. he passed / have tried

47. Laura said she had worked on the assignment since _______.

A. yesterday B. two days ago C. the day before D. the next day

48. John asked me _______ interested in any kind of sports.

A. if I were B. if were I C. if was I D. if I was

49. John asked me _______ that film the night before.

A. that I saw B. had I seen C. if I had seen D. if had I seen

50. The guest told the host that _______.

A. I must go now B. he must go now C. he had to go now D. he had to go then

​Part VI: RELATIVE CLAUSE

1. The man ________ spoke to John is my brother.

A. whom B. who C. whose D. which

2. I must thank the man from _____ I got the present.

A. who B. whom C. that D. which

3. It is a car ______ I bought last year.

A. whom B. who C. which D. whose

4. He is the man _______ son is a doctor

A. whom B. which C. who D. whose

5. I come from a city _______ is located in the southern part of the country.

A. who B. whom C. that D. whose

6. The film about _____ they are talking is fantastic.

A. who B. which C. whom D. that

7. That ’s the woman to _______ Jim used to be married.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

8. The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting well

A. waiting B. to wait C. waited D. wait

9. He is the boy _______ is my best friend

A. that B. whom C. who D. A& C

10. I have a message for people __________ by the traffic chaos.

A. to delay B. who delay C. delayed D. who delaying

11. I live in a pleasant room ____________ the garden.

A. to overlook B. overlooking C. overlooked D. which overlooking

12. Melanie was the only person __________ a letter of thanks.

A. wrote B. written C. to write D. writing

13. The pilot was the only man __________ after the crash.

A. was rescued B. rescued C. rescuing D. to be rescued

14. I met a lot of new people at the party ________ names I can’t remember.

A. whose B. which C. who D. whom

15. I talked to a woman __________ car had broken down on the way to the party.

A. which B. who C. whose D. whom

16. Vicky, __________ name was missed off the list, wasn’t very pleased.

A. which B. whose C. who D. whom

17. The picture was painted by Laura, ____________ is being shown in an exhibition.

A. which B. whose C. who D. whom

18. The concert ___________ we are looking forward is next Saturday.

A. which B. that C. whom D. A & B

19. I’ll see you near the post office ___________ we met the other day.

A. which B. where C. when D. why

20. The success of shared holidays depends on __________ you shared it with.

A. whose B. who C. whom D. which

21. The sun, ____ is one of millions of stars in the universe, provides us with heat an light.

A. which B. that C. who D. A & B are correct

22. Tom made a number of suggestions, most of ____ were very helpful.

A. them B. which C. that D. B & C are correct

23. Alaska, __________ my brother lives, is the largest state in the United States.

A. which B. where C. w ho D. All are correct

24. Tell me the reason ____________ you were absent yesterday.

A. where B. when C. why D. that

25. There was a time __________ dinosaurs dominated the earth.

A. which B. when C. that D. A & B are correct

26. The house in ___________ I was born and grew up was destroyed in an earthquake ten years ago.

A. which B. where C. that D. All are correct

27. Summer is the time of the year _________ the weather is the hottest.

A. when B. which C. that D. B & C are correct

28. Sunday is the day on ___________ I am least busy.

A. where B. when C. which D. that

29. Do you know the man about ___________ they’re talking?

A. whom B. whose C. that D. A & C are correct

30. What’s the name of the blonde girl ___________ just came in?

A. who B. whose C. whom D. A & B are correct

31. I don’t like people ___________ lose their tempers easily.

A. who B. whose C. that D. A & C are correct

32. Mexico City, _________ has a population of over 10 million, is probably the fastest growing city in the world.

A. which B. whose C. that D. A & B are correct

33. This is Henry, __________ sister works for my father.

A. who B. whose C. that D. A & C are correct

34. He’s the man ___________ people like at first sight.

A. who B. whom C. that D. All are correct

35. Could you iron the trousers ___________ are hanging up behind the door?

A. who B. which C. that D. B & C are correct

36. Where is the girl _________ sells tickets?

A. who B. whose C. whom D. A & C are correct

37. The man _________ we consider as our leader had much experience in climbing mountains.

A. who B. whose C. whom D. A & C are correct

38. The artist _________ name I couldn’t remember was one of the best I had ever seen.

A. who B. whose C. that D. A & C are correct

39. Frank invited Janet, __________ he had met in Japan, to the party.

A. who B. whose C. that D. A & C are correct

40. The girl __________ design had been chosen stepped to the platform to receive the award.

A. whose B. whom C. that D. which

41. I need to find a painting ________ will match the rest of my room.

A. whose B. whom C. who D. which

42. There are too many poor people ________ do not have enough to eat in the world.

A. whose B. whom C. who D. which

43. The trees __________ have the beautiful flowers grow near the gate of the garden.

A. whose B. whom C. who D. which

44. The teacher ___________ teaches us French is coming today.

A. whom B. who C. that D. B & C are correct

45. What’s the music to ___________ you are listening?

A. whose B. which C. that D. B & C are correct

46. I don’t like the stories __________ have unhappy endings.

A. who B. which C. that D. B & C are correct

47. The students __________ don’t have library cards can’t borrow books from the library.

A. who B. which C. whom D. A & C are correct

48. The dress __________ she bought last week doesn’t fit her well.

A. whom B. which C. whose D. B & C are correct

49. Do you know a shop ___________ sells good coffee?

A. which B. that C. whose D. A & B are correct

50. The teacher punished the student _________ was naughty.

A. whom B. who C. which D. A & B are correct

​Part VII: CLAUSE OF REASON

1. Hundreds of species of Hawaiian flowers have become extinct or rare ___ land development and the grazing of

wild goats.

A. now that B. due to C. because D. for

2. ___ extremely bad weather in the mountains, were no longer considering our skiing trip.

A. Due to B. Because C. Since D. Due to the fact that

3. Barbara is motivated to study ___ she knows that a good education can improve her life.

A. because B. because of C. due to D. owing to

4. He could not play in the game ___ his foot injury.

A. because B. due to the fact that C. because of D. for

5. ___ I had nothing for lunch but an apple, I ate dinner early.

A. For B. Since C. Due to D. Because of

6. Mr. Watson retired from his job early ___ his ill health.

A. because B. due to C. as D. for

7. She bought a book ___ she had heard it was good.

A. because of B. owing to C. due to D. due to the fact that

8. Josh couldnt open the door ___ the lock was broken.

A. because B. because of C. due to D. owing to

9. Lets ask our teacher how to solve this problem ___ we cant agree on the answer.

A. Since B. because of C. due to D. owing to

10. ____the need to finish this project soon. I want you to work on this overtime for the next few days.

A. Because B. As C. Because of D. Since

11. I cant ride my bike ___ there isnt any air in one of the tires.

A. because B. because of C. due to D. owing to

12. ___ our apartment building has had two robberies in the last month, Im going to put an extra lock on the door

and install a telephone in my bedroom.

A. Since B. For C. because of D. owing to

13. I turned on the fan ___ the room was hot.

A. due to B. owing to C. because D. because of

14. We didnt arrive at the lecture on time ___ the bus was late.

A. owing to B. as C. because of D. due to

15. I wonder who drank all the milk yesterday. It cant have been Susan ___ she was out all day.

A. because of B. because C. due to D. owing to

16. ___ the old man spoke very slowly and clearly, I could understand him at all.

A. As B. because of C. due to D. owing to

17. I knew they were talking about me ___ they stopped when I entered the room.

A. because B. because of C. owing to D. due to

18. ___ the storm, the ship couldnt reach its destination on time.

A. Owing to B. As C. Since D. Because

19. ___ his parents generosity, all of the children in his family have received the best of anything.

A. Due to the fact that B. Because of C. Because D. Since

20. ___ she has a job, she is able to pay her rent and provide food for her family.

A. Since B. Due to C. Because of D. Owing to

21. We didn’t go to France last summer______ we couldn’t afford to.

A. Owing to B. due to C. because D. because of

22. ______the flight delay, they didn’t attend the conference.

A. Because B. For C. owing to D. Because of

23. The flight from New York to London was delayed ______ the heavy fog.

A. because of B. because C. since D.due to the fact that

24. Hoa was late _____ her car was broken down.

A. because of B. due to C. because D. owing to

25. We couldn’t sleep last night _____ the noise next door.

A. as B. since C. because D. because of

26. ______ he can’t afford a car, he goes to work by bicycle.

A. Because B. Since C. As D. all are correct

27. Huong didn’t participate in the contest ______ her lack of confidence.

A. because B. because of C. since D. due to the fact that

28. The player was ejected because he committed a foul.

A. as B. due to C. owing to D. because of

29. Mary didn’t go to school yesterday____ she was sick.

A. thanks to B. owing to C. because D. as

30. I cant sleep _____ the hot weather.

A. because of B. for C. because D. since

​Part VIII: CLAUSE OF RESULT

1. My mouth is burning! This is ___________ spicy food that I don’t think I can finish it.

A. such B. so C. very D. too

2. Our village had ____________ money available for education that the school had to close.

A. so little B. such little C. so much D. such much

3. Timmy spent __________ money buying movie tickets that he didn’t have enough left to buy a soft drink.

A. such B. a lot of C. too much D. so much

4. It was _________that we went for a hike in the mountain.

A. so a nice day B. such nice a day C. so nice a day D. such a day nice

5. There are not __________ jobs for all of us.

A. such B. so C. enough D. too

6. The T- shirt in the window was ________ expensive for me to buy.

A. too B. enough C. so D. very

7. _________ that she burst into tears.

A. So angry was she. B. She was so anger C. Such her anger was D. So angry she was

8. Sarah speaks so ____________ that I can’t understand her.

A. fast B. fastly C. faster D. fastest

9. Mr. Brown has ________ many patient ________ he is always busy.

A. too – that B. very – until C. such – that D. so- that

10. The coat is __________for me to wear.

A. too large B. so much C. very much D. too much

11. The furniture was _________.

A. such expensive that I couldn’t buy it B. enough cheap for me to buy

C. so expense that I did buy it D. too expensive for me to buy

12. There are ________ planets in the universe that we can’t count them.

A. so much B. such C. so many D. so

13. Paul was ________ sad about his examination results that he didn’t smile all week.

A. enough B. so C. such D. too

14. The road is _______________.

A. so slippery that we drove fast B. so slippery for us to drive fast

C. too slippery for us to drive D. too slippery that we can’t drive fast.

15. Uranus is just _________ to be seen on a clear night with naked eyes.

A. bright enough B. enough brightly C. as enough clear D. bright as enough

16. When Franklin Roosevelt decided to run for a fourth term, the opposite said that he was_________.

A. so old B. too old C. oldest D. very older

17. Last Sunday it was _______ wet ______ we couldn’t go to the movies.

A. as – as B. more – than C. less – than D. so – that

18. The corresponding sentence “There are so many for me to do that…” is ___________

A. I have so many things to do that… B. Nobody has so many…

C. So many things are on me D. I do many things

19. He was _______ tired that he slept all days.

A. such B. too C. so D. very

20. It was _________ that we had gone for a walk.

A. such a beautiful weather B. such a nice weather C. so nice a weather D. so beautiful a night

21. “The new mathematics teacher seems very pleasant”

“Yes, he’s __________ person”

A. a such nice B. a so nice C. such nice D. such a nice

22. “I find the local newspapers to be __________ uninformative”

“Yes, there is hardly any international news”

A. so B. such C. so much D. such much

22. “Do you know why Eric failed her test?

“I don’t know. She spent_________ time studying.”

A. so B. such C. so much D. such much

23. “Wendy is really tall for her age.”

“She is ______tall that her friends make fun of her.”

A. so B. as C. that D. much

24. “What is your opinion of the Smiths?”

“They are _________ people”

A. such an interesting B. so interesting a C. so interesting D. such interesting

25. “Did you like the band last night?”

“Yes, __________ I bought their records.”

A. so much that B. such much C. very much that D. too much that

26. “That is a beautiful dress Jean has on.”

“She always wears ___________ clothes.”

A. such a lovely B. so lovely C. such lovely D. so much lovely

27. “I enjoy this particular radio station.”

“So do I. it always has _________ music.”

A. so good B. such a good C. such good D. a so good

28. “The dance was fun.”

“But there was__________ there.”

A. so many peoples B. such much people C. so a lot of people D. so many people

29. “Main Market is a nice place.”

“They have _______we recommend it to all our friends.”

A. such good food that B. such a good food that C. so good food that D. such as good food as

30. The cat was _________to wait for the mouse to come out.

A. patiently enough B. so patient C. enough patient D. patient enough

31. She told us ________ story that we all forgot about the time.

A. such an interesting B. such interesting a C. so an interesting D. a so interesting

32. I have never seen __________ people in one place.

A. so much B. so many C. so much of D. this many of

33. We have heard __________about you.

A. so many news B. so much news C. a lot news D. few news

34. They were ______busy studying ______ they couldn’t go to the restaurant with us.

A. so – that B. such – that C. very – that D. to – that

35. If a house plant is given __________ water, its lower leaves turn yellow.

A. too many B. very many C. very much D. too much

36. The runners are ______exhausted that none of them finished the race.

A. too B. such C. enough D. so

37. So _________ people came that we had to cancel the meeting.

A. a few B. many C. little D. few

38. The novel is _________ I have read many times.

A. so boring that B. so interesting that C. such an interesting that D. so interesting that

39. She is not ___________ to get married.

A. enough old B. old enough C. too young D. so young

40. The boys are making too ________ noise.

A. many B. much C. little D. a lot of

41. That restaurant is _______ no one wants to eat there.

A. such dirty that B. so dirty that C. too dirty for D. dirty enough for

42. It was _____ a difficult question that I couldn’t answer it.

A. so B. such C. too D. very

43. She was a_______ girl that everybody loves her.

A. so kind B. kind a such C. such a kind D. too kind

44. We are not rich enough ________ everywhere by taxi.

A. not travel B. to travel C. for traveling D. can’t travel

45. Most of the students are ________ to pass the examination.

A. good enough B. enough good C. too good D. so good

46. It was ________ a boring speech that I fell asleep.

A. such B. so C. much D. too

47. They spoke _________ for us to understand.

A. quick enough B. so quickly C. quickly so D. quickly enough

48. It was _________ we spent the whole day at the beach.

A. such nice a weather that B. such nice weather that

C. so nice weather that D. so nice a weather that

49. He was _______ the job.

A. experienced enough to do B. enough experienced to do

C. experienced enough doing D. experienced to do enough

50. I have _________, but I don’t have time.

A. a vacation for a enough money B. money enough for vacation

C. enough money for vacation D. enough money for vacation

​Part IX: CLAUSE OF CONCESSSION

1. _______ some German and British management styles are similar, there are many differences between them.

a. In spite b. In spite of c. Despite the fact that d. Despite

  1. I could not eat _______ I was very hungry.

a. even though b. in spite c. despite d. in spite the fact that

3. In spite _______, the baseball game was not cancelled.

a. the rain b. of the rain c. it was raining d. there was a rain

4._______ he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car.

a. In spite b. In spite of c. Despite d. Although

5._______, he walked to the station.

a. Despite being tired b. Although to be tired c. In spite being tired d. Despite tired

6. The children slept well, despite _______.

a. it was noise b. the noise c. of the noise d. noisy

7. She left him _______ she still loved him.

a. even if b. even though c. in spite of d. despite

8._______ her lack of hard work, she was promoted.

a. In spite b. Even though c. In spite of d. Despite of

9._______ they are brothers, they do not look like.

a. Although b. Even c. Despite d. In spite of

10. We are concerned with the problem of energy resources _______ we must also think of our environment.

a. despite b. though c. as though d. but

  1. _______ some Japanese women are successful in business, the majority of Japanese companies are run by men.

a. But b. Even if c. If d. As though

12. _________ who you are, I still love you.

a. No matter b. However c. whomever d. If

13. __________ others may say, you are certainly right.

A. However B. whomever C. If D. Whatever

14. They decided to go ______ the danger.

A. because B. in spite of C. although D. so

15. ______ they lost, their fans gave them a big cheer.

A. However B. In spite of C. Although D. if

16. Everyone thought she would accept a new job________ it was difficult.

A. despite B. even though C. Too D. Moreover

17. ______ the bad weather, the plan landed safely.

A. in spite B. in spite of C. despite the fact that D. though

18. _______ it was raining hard, he went out without a raincoat.

A. Despite B. In spite of C. However D. Although

19. ______ I meet her, she always wears a blue dress.

A. Whatever B. However C. Whoever D. Whenever

20. Our new neighbors are quite nice _______ they are sometimes talkative.

a. despite b. in spite of the fact c. though d. as though

21._______ of the difficulty, they managed to climb to the top of the mountain.

a. In spite b. Despite c. But d. Although

22. Despite _______, we knew that he was guilty.

a. denied b. denying c. he denied d. his denial

23. Despite the fact that _______, we enjoyed our trip.

a. the weather is bad b. it is a bad weather c. the bad weather d. the weather was bad

24. Julie failed the exam _______ of working very hard.

a. despite b. in spite c. even if d. though

25. Tom went to work despite _______.

a. that he did not feel very well b. of the fact not feeling well

c. he did not feel very well d. not feeling very well

26. _______ his exhaustion, he won the marathon by nearly three minutes.

A. In spite B. Despite C. Although D. However

27. ______ the bad weather, the plan landed safely.

A. in spite B. in spite of C. despite the fact that D. though

28. _______ it was raining hard, he went out without a raincoat.

A. Despite B. In spite of C. However D. Although

29. They were sacked _____ their carelessness.

A. because B. because of C. although D. despite

30. Some workers are so poor that they don’t want to quit their job _______ they are ill- treated

A. as though B. since C. although D. if

31. Though _______, they are good friends.

a. their sometimes quarrel b. to have a quarrel sometimes

c. they sometimes have a quarrel d. of having a quarrel sometimes

32. Despite _______, we arrived on time.

a. the traffic b. of the traffic c. there was heavy traffic d. of there was heavy traffic

33. John rarely sees Paul _______ they live in the same town.

a. notwithstanding b. despite c. in spite of d. although

34. It was very cold _______ she did not put on her coat.

a. in case b. but c. even if d. even though

35. Gannon was a high-performing midfield linkman in spite _______.

a. of he was at his age b. he was at his old age c. of his age d. his age

36. _______ the increase in their salaries, many French employees spend Saturday at work.

a. Despite b. Even if c. Even though d. In spite

37. _____ he is the boss, he does not find solutions to problems very easily.

a. Although b. In spite of c. Notwithstanding d. Despite

38. Even if _______, they had to continue practicing.

a. the players’ soreness b. the players were sore

c. the fact that the players were sore d. it was the players’ soreness

39. _______ what I said last night, I still love you.

a. In spite b. Despite c. Even though d. Even if

40. ____________ jobs you do, you should do it devotedly.

A. However B. Whoever C. Whenever D. Whatever

41. ______________ you are, I still love you.

A. Whatever B. However C. Whoever D. Whenever

42. _______ we have worked overtime for weeks, we have not completed the project.

a. In spite of b. Even though the fact that c. Despite d. Despite the fact that

43. In spite _______ his did not get the highest grade in the final exam.

a. of his intelligence b. he was intelligent c. his intelligence d. of he was intelligent

44. _______ the plane took off late, we still reached our destination on time.

a. Though b. In spite c. Despite d. As though

45. He had a terrible cold _______ he insisted on going swimming.

a. despite b. although c. in spite of d. but

46. _______ I became a millionaire, I would carryon working.

a. Even though b. Despite of c. In spite d. Although that

47. In spite _______, we understood most of what he was saying.

a. of he was lisping b. his lisp c. of his lisp d. he was lisping

48. __________ he is nice, I can’t love him.

a. though b. in spite c. despite d. in spite the fact that

49. He is not happy ______________ he is very rich.

a. Despite b. Even if c. Even though d. In spite

50. _____________ he does, he always careful.

A. Whatever B. However C. Whoever D. Whenever

​Part X: CLAUSE OF PURPOSE

1. The schoolboys are in a hurry ______ they will not be late for school.

A. so as to B. to C. for D. in order that

2. I gave him my e-mail address ______ he could keep in touch with me.

A. that B. so that C. such that D. so as to

3. We decided to join the English speaking club ______ improve our English.

A. so that B. so to C. in order D. to

4. ______ learn how to use a computer, he decides to take lessons.

A. To B. In order to C. So as D. A & B are correct

5. He walked silently ______ wake the other people.

A. to not B. to avoid C. so as to not D. in order not to

6. She wore glasses and a wig ______ we couldn’t recognise her.

A. so that B. so as to C. in order to D. B & C are correct

7. He locked the door ______ be disturbed.

A. in order not B. in order not to C. in order to not D. in order that he not

8.______ English fluently, we should practise speaking it whenever possible.

A. In order to speak B. To speaking C. In order speak D. In order for speaking

9. The boy always does his homework before class ______ be punished by his teacher.

A. so as not to B. so as to C. so that not to D. in order that not to

10. Seat belt laws were introduced ______ traffic fatalities would be reduced.

A. in order that B. so as to C. such that D. provided that

11. She phoned me ______.

A. so that she invites me to her party C. to invite me to her party

B. that she invited me to her party D. for she wanted to invite me to her party

12. Mary took a taxi ______ she could arrive at the conference on time.

A. in order B. that C. so that D. A & B are correct

13. Mary put on her scarf ______ she ______ not get cold.

A. so that / will B. to / would C. so as to / will D. so that / would

14. I’ll give you my telephone number ______ phone me.

A. so that you can B. to C. want to D. A & B are correct

15. She worked hard ______ everything would be ready by 6 o’clock.

A. that B. for C. in order that D. so as to

16. I’m going to make an early start ______ get stuck in the traffic.

A. so that not B. not to C. so as to not D. in order not

17. I work hard ______ help my family.

A. so as to B. in order to C. in order that D. A & B are correct

18. My parents got up early this morning ______ park the car for our journey.

A. so that B. in order to C. because D. in case

19. They got up ______ early in the morning that no one saw them leave the house.

A. too B. so C. in order to D. such

20. She employed a secretary ______ type her letters and answer the phone.

A. in order that B. so that C. to D. for

21. He gave me his address __________me to visit.

A. so that B. in order for C. in order to D. in case

22. They whispered __________ no one to hear their conversation.

A. so that B. in order to C. because D. in order for

23.The piano was too heavy ______.

A. for nobody to move B. for nobody to moving C. for anyone to move D. for anyone to moving

24. _______ to go to the cinema.

A. it was late so that B. that it was late C. it was too late D. such too late

25. It is such an important matter _______ I can’t decide anything about it myself.

A. so B. because C. that D. so that to

26. Mary jogs everyday ______ lose weight.

A. so she can B. so that she can C. because she can D. so that to

27. She got up early _________ miss the bus.

A. in order that B. so that C. not to D. for

28. Mr. Thompson is learning Vietnamese __________ to read Kim Van Kieu.

A. so that not B. so as to C. in order not to D. so as not to

29. They hurried _______ catch the train.

A. to not B. as not to C. in order that not D. to

30. Tom is saving up __________ he can buy a new car.

A. so that B. as not to C. in order that not D. so as that

31. Alice prepares her lesson carefully ___________ she will get high marks in class.

A. so that not B. as not to C. in order that not D. in other that

32. I went to see him ________find out what had happened.

A. so that not B. so as not to C. in order that D. so as to

33. He does morning exercises regularly __________ improve his health.

A. so as to B. and C. to D. so as not to

34. We learn English _________ we will have better communication with other people.

A. so that B. in order for C. in order to D. in case

35. He lighted the candle ______ he might read the note.

A. so that B. and C. because D. as a result

36. He turned off the lights before going out _____ waste electricity.

A. so that not B. as not to C. in order that not D. so as not to

37. The teacher explained the lesson twice _____ the students could understand it clearly.

A. as long as B. so that C. because D. as if

38. He practises speaking English every day _________ he can speak it fluently.

A. so that B. in order for C. in order to D. in case

39. They are learning English _______________ them to study in Singapore.

A. so as not to B. in order for C. in order to D. in case

40. He was tired _____________ he could not continue his work.

A. so that B. in order not to C. in order to D. in case

41. Those students are trying their best ____________ get the scholarship.

A. so that B. in order for C. in order to D. in case

42. Sound is carried from the eardrum to the nerves _____________ we can hear it.

A. so as to B. in order that C. to D. so as not to

43. In order to help human beings live longer and healthier, many scientists are working hard __________ they can invent new drugs.

A. so that B. as not to C. in order that not D. in other to

44. Many bridges in London are covered with wooden roofs _________ it can be protected from rain and snow.

A. so that not B. so as to C. in order that not D. in other that

45. Please arrive on time ________ us to be able to start the meeting punctually.

A. so that not B. as not to C. in order for D. in other that

46. The laser beam can attack directly and accurately the diseased cells ___________ the healthy neighbors are left unharmed.

A. so that B. as not to C. in order that not D. in other to

47. My father and I do morning exercises every day ___________ improve our health.

A. to not B. as not to C. in order that not D. to

48. We learn English ________________ we can communicate with other people.

A. so that B. because C. that D. so that to

49.He studies very hard so that _______________ pass his final exam next month.

A. not to B. in order to C. so as not to D. so that to

50. ___________ waste electricity, we turn out the lights when there is enough light.

A. so B. so as not to C. that D. so that to

​Part XI: MODAL VERB

1. You have been reading for four hours. This book ___ be very interesting.

A. can B. might C. must D. should

2. Dont phone Ann now. She ___ be having lunch.

A. might B. can C. must D. has to

3. This road is very narrow. It ___to be widened.

A. might B. needs C. mustnt D. may

4. They have plenty of time, so they neednt ___.

A. be hurry B. to hurry C. hurry D. to be hurried

5. Youre having a sore throat. Youd better___ to the doctor.

A. to go B. went C. go D. going

6. My mother permitted me to go out at night. She said, “You ___ go out tonight.”

A. may B. have to C. must D. ought to

7. He advised me to take an English course. I ___ it early.

A. should have taken B. should take C. will have taken D. may take

8. You ___ ring the bell; I have a key.

A. mustnt B. neednt C. couldnt D. shouldnt

9. It must ___ without delay.

A. be done B. have been done C. do D. be doing

10. By the time a baby has reached his first birthday, he should ___ sit up or even stand up.

A. to be able to B. able to C. to be able D. be able to

11. Many birds will ___ more than 3,000 miles to reach their winter homes.

A. flying B. fly C. be fly D. flew

12. The pen wont write; It ___ out of ink.

A. must run B. must be running C. must have run D. must have ran

13. The line is busy; someone ___ the telephone now.

A. must be using B. must have used C. must use D. must have been using

14. She told me that shed rather ___ on the committee.

A. not to serve B. not serving C. not serve D. serving not

15. “Are you still going to Florida for vacation?” “Yes, but I really ___because I dont have much money.”

A. shouldnt B. cant C. mustnt D. wont

16. “Did Peter go downtown by car or by train?” “He ___by train because his car was in the mechanics.”

A. must go B. has to go C. had gone D. must have gone

17. “Why are you so mad?” “You ___ me you werent coming to dinner. I waited for you for two hours.”

A. should tell B. should have told C. should told D. should had told

18. “Do you like to play tennis?” “I ___, but now I prefer golf”

A. used to B. used to do C. used to played D. used to playing

19. “Have you seen Kate?” “No, but she ___ be at her desk.”

A. may B. ought C. would D. can

20. “Can I borrow twenty dollars?” “No, you know I ___ lend you money any more.”

A. might not B. shouldnt have C. wont D. not going to

21. The plane ___ take off after the fog had lifted.

A. must B. can C. was able to D. may

22. ___ you remember what you were doing at this time yesterday?

A. Can B. Must C. May D. Should

23. I ___ understand this letter. Will you translate it for me?

A. mustnt B. may not C. cant D. shouldnt

24. Daisys parents dont let her go to late- night disco. She ___ be at home at 9 oclock in the evening.

A. must B. may C. can D. has to

25. ___ you give me some advice about the language course?

A. Have B. Should C. May D. Could

26. Why didnt you give me a call yesterday? We ___ discuss everything together.

A. can B. may C. must D. could

27. Yesterday I ___ finish the work because I was very tired.

A. could B. cant C. couldnt D. mustnt

28. I would rather ___ poor but happy than become rich without happiness.

A. being B. be C. to be D. was

29. Sit down, please. ___ a cup of tea?

A. Do you like B. Do you like to drink C. Would you like D. Will you like

30. It could not tell the difference between Indian music and jazz. It ___ tell the difference between Indian music

and jazz.

A. might not B. may not C. mustnt D. wasnt able to

31. Id rather ___ in the field than ___ home.

A. to work- to stay B. work – stay C. working – staying D. worked- stayed

32. He spent all that money last week. He ___ so much.

A. didnt need to spend B. shouldnt spend C. neednt have spent D. didnt have to spend

33. Sorry, I ___ stay any longer. I really must go home.

A. mustnt B. can not C. couldnt D. may not

34. “It ___rain this evening. Why dont you take an umbrella?”

Thats a good idea. May I borrow yours?”

A. had better B. could be C. must D. might

35. “___taking me downtown on your way to work this morning?”

Not at all.”

A. Can you B. Why dont you C. Would you mind D. Could you please

36. Tommy and Mary were mischievous children. They ___tricks on their teachers, which always got them into a

lot of trouble.

A. could play B. used to play C. could have play D. may have played

37. “Since we have to be there in a hurry, we ___ take a taxi.”

I agree.”

A. had better B. may C. have been used to D. are able to

38. 007 didnt need ___ out of his room in Moscow.

A. go B. to going C. going D. to go

39. I couldnt ___ it even though I had wanted.

A. had bought B. buy C. buying D. have bought

40. She ought not ___ him but she did.

A. to tell B. to telling C. tell D. to have told

41. Id rather you ___ that.

A. do B. dont do C. wont do D. didnt do

42. ___ you speak any foreign languages?

A. Could B. Must C. Can D. Might

43. We ___have gone away if we had enough money.

A. could B. must C. can D. might

44. “You ___ pay the bills today.” “I know, I promise. I wont forget.”

A. would B. shall C. must D. may

45. ___ you mind my staying here for some days?

A. Would B. Could C. Can D. Should

46. The ground is wet. It ___last night.

A. must rain B. must have rain C. must have rained D. had to rain

47. You ___ trust your daughter more. You ___ treat her like a child.

A. ought to-should not B. must-need not C. can-may not D. must-may not

48. “I really do this translation today?” “No, you___. You ___do it tomorrow if you like.”

A. Must-neednt –may B. May – mustnt – need

C. Can – may not – mustnt D. Must – may not – need

49. I told him that he ___hope to catch a big fish with a small rod like this.

A. can B. couldnt C. mustnt D. may

50. The boss said that I ___be at work at nine oclock.

A. had to B. can C. ought D. will be able to

​Part XII: PREPOSITION – ARTICLE

1. Although the team was both mentally and physically exhausted, they ________ on walking.

a. stopped b. kept c. took d. put

2. Don’t forget to ________ your gloves on. It is cold outside.

a. let b. make c. put d. fix

3. If you don’t pay your rent, your landlord is going to kick you out!

a. lend you some money b. play football with you c. give you a kick d. force you to leave

4. Yesterday I ran into Sam at the grocery store. I had not seen him for years.

a. met b. visited c. said goodbye to d. made friends with

5. Let’s go over that report again before we submit it.

a. dictate b. print c. read carefully d. type

6. Who will __________ the children when you are away ?

a. take care on b. take care of c. take care d. care on

7. She is looking _______ a new place to live because she does not want to depend _______ her parents any more.

a. for / on b. after / with c. up / forward d. at / into

8. I was brought _______ in the countryside by my aunt after my parents had pass _______.

a. on / over b. for / on c. on / off d. up / away

9. Due to industrialization, we have to cope _____the fact that many species are ____ danger ______extinction.

a. over / at / for b. at / upon / over c. for / on / with d. with / in / of

10. Boys! Put your toys ______. It is time to go to bed. Don’t stay _____ late.

a. off / on b. away / up c. down / off d. around/ for

11. She intended to quit her job to stay _______ home and look _______ her sick mother.

a. in / at b. at / after c. for / over d. up / on

12. He is very worried _______ his new job because he is not quite prepared _______ working.

a. on / over b. to / off c. about / for d. in / at

13. Instead _____ petrol, cars will only run ____ solar energy and electricity.

a. of / on b. for / by c. in / over d. from/ upon

14. She has a promising future ahead _______ her.

a. for b. from c. on d. of

15. What are your plans for _______ future?

a. a b. an c. the d. Ø

16. You have to study harder in order to _________________ your classmates.

a. keep pace into b. keep pace on c. keep pace at d. keep pace with

17. If you have ever watched television, you have seen plenty ___ drug ads.

a. with b. of c. for d. about

18. The space shuttle crashed and went _______ in flames.

a. of b. for c. over d. off

19. Elevators in tall building make the top floors accessible _____ everybody

a. to b. with c. about d. at

20. While I am waiting _______ my bus, I often listen _______ music.

a. on / at b. for / to c. toward / about d. upon / in

21. Will you take care _______ my little dog when I am _______ business?

a. through / away b. about / at c. for / over d. of / on

22. According _______ Bill, there’s something wrong _______ my computer.

a. after / for b. on / about c. to / with d. upon / at

23. He depends _______ his sister _______ assistance.

a. to / from b. from / in c. on / for d. at / with

24. By 2015, it will be widely accepted that schools and pre-schools have _______ extremely important role to

play in future of our world.

a. an / a b. an / the c. the / the d. Ø / Ø

25. On _______ Internet and with cable television w e can select information from _______ wide variety of

sources.

a. the / a b. an / the c. the / Ø d. Ø / the

26.They arrived _______ that train station late because their taxi had broken _______.

a. at / down b. for / off c. on / over d. on / up

27. Those workers are in difficulty because wage increases cannot keep up _______ inflation.

a. with b. for c. over d. on

28. They argued _______ us _______ the problem last night, but we could not find _______ the solution.

a. with / about / out b. on / for / off c. upon / with / in d. to / on I up

29. Although I did not totally agree ________ feminist’s policies, I certainly admired their audacity, dedication

and courage.

a. for b. with c. along d. up

30. I didn’t get to see the end of that mystery movie on TV last night. How did it ________ out?

a. go b. make c. bring d. turn

31. When you are finished using the computer, can you please ______ it off.

a. take b. turn c. do d. go

32.When the alarm went off, everyone proceeded calmly to the emergency exits.

a. fell b. exploded c. called d. rang

33. Look out. There is a rattlesnake under the picnic table!

a. Listen b. Be careful c. Go d. Watch

34. Mrs. Jones’s husband passed away fast Friday. We are all shocked by the news.

a. got married b. divorced c. died d. were on business

35. Williams is working _______ an export company. He intends to apply _______ another job because he is not

satisfied _______ the salary.

a. in / on / at b. for / for / with c. at / out / into d. from/ on/ for

36. Is Miss Wilson very fond _______ French food? – No, she is not used _______ having French food.

a. over / with b. of / to c. off / for d. in / about

37. Look _______! The tree is going to fall.

a. over b. off c. in d. out

38. I think we maybe run _______ natural resources some day.

a. in to b. up to c. out of d. away from

39. _______ whom do these English books belong?

a. From b. To c. For d. With

40. Thanks _______ the inventions _______ labor-saving devices, women have more free time to take part _______ social work.

a. through / over / for b. on / from / with c. forward / for / from d. to / of / in

41. She looked _______ to see who was going _______ her.

a. round / after b. up / off c. at / to d. for / with

42. She is a friendly girl who gets _______ everyone she meets.

a. out of b. on with c. away from d. into

43. I had my sister take care _____ my children while I was _____ business.

a. with / for b. in / away c. for / in d. of / on

44. He took a lot of interest _______ our work and he promised to help us _______ any troubles.

a. in / with b. for / on c. about / at d. for / from

45. Are you very familiar _______ that new device?

a. upon b. over c. with d. for

46. According _______ the US Census Bureau the world’s population will reach 7.6 billion people by 2020.

a. to b. in c. for d. through

47. Mary is ____ independent woman with ____ wise and ____ enthusiasm.

a. an / Ø / Ø b. a / the / the c. the / a / an d. Ø / a / the

48. One of _______ students said, “_______ professor is late today.”

a. the / A b. the / The c. Ø / A d. a / Ø

49. Peter, likes to play ______ volleyball, but he is not _______ good player.

a. the / b. Ø / a c. the / the d. a / the

50. My daughter is learning to play _______ violin at _______ school.

a. the / a b. a/ the c. the / Ø d. Ø / the

​Part XIII: WORD FORM

1. How many ___________ took part in the 22nd SEA Games?

A. competitors B. competitive C. competes D. competitions

2. Boys often enjoy doing things in a ___________ way.

A. create B. creative C. creativity D. creatively

3. The problem of ________ among young people is hard to solve.

A. employment B. employees C. employers D. unemployment

4. Some people are concerned with physical___________ when choosing a wife or husband.

A. attractive B. attraction C. attractiveness D. attractively

5. He can’t hear because of his ___________

A. deaf B. deafness C. deafen D. deafened

6. These countries are ___________ in exporting shrimps.

A. prefer B. preference C. preferential D. preferentially

7. The children ___________ high grade at school.

A. achieve B. achievement C. achievable D. achieving

8. His pronunciation causes me a lot of ________.

A. difficulties B. difficult C. difficulty D. difficultly

9 . She was the first in her family to enjoy the privilege of a university ________.

A. educated B. educational C. educating D. education

10. Buckingham Palace is a major tourist ________ in London.

A. attract B. attraction C. attractive D. attractiveness

11. Is pointing at someone ________ rude in your country?

A. consider B. to consider C. considered D. considering

12. Some species of rare animals are in ________ of extinction.

A. danger B. dangerous C. dangerously D. endanger

13. Electronic music is a kind of music in which sounds are produced __________ .

A. electron B. electric C. electronic D. electronically

14. He has been very interested in doing research on _______ since he was at high school.

A. biology B. biological C. biologist D. biologically

15. Are you sure that boys are more _______ than girls?

A. act B. active C. action D. activity

16. These quick and easy _______ can be effective in the short term, but they have a cost.

A. solve B. solvable C. solutions D. solvability

  1. Can you tell me about the ________ process to tertiary study in Vietnam?

A. apply B. applicable C. application D. applicant

  1. Housework is ________ shared between them.

A. equally B. equal C. equality D. equalizing

  1. Mrs. Tam has never lost her _________ for teaching.

A. enthusiastic B. enthusiasm C. enthusiast D. enthusiastically

20. Don’t forget to say goodbye to the ___________ before leaving the office.

A. interviewer B. interviewing C. interviewee D. interview

21. Working as an astronaut require high___________ knowledge.

A. technique B. technical C. technically D. technician

22. My grandmother is very _______ in history.

A. interest B. interests C. interested D. interesting

23. Vietnamese athletes performed_______ and won a lot of gold medals.

A. excellent B. excellently C. excellence D. excel

24. WHO’s main activities are carrying out research on medical _______ and improving international health care.

A. develop B. developing C. development D. develops

25. Scientific progress supplies us with ____________.

A. conveniences B. convenient C. inconvenience D. inconveniences

26. The panda’s __________ habitat is the bamboo forest.

A. nature B. natural C. naturally D. natured

27. The Games really became a festival that impressed sports___________

A. enthusiasts B. enthusiasm C. enthuse D. enthusiastic

  1. Did you remember anything ……..at the party?

A. interested B. interesting C. interests D. to interest

29 . In rainy seasons, roads in the village are always ___________
A. mud B. mudded C. mudding D. muddy

30 .Linda likes wearing ___________ clothes.

A. colour B. colourfully C. colourful D. colourless

31.. Her own mistakes made her very ___________ of the faults of others.
A. tolerable B. tolerant C. tolerate D. tolerated

32 . All the teachers work on an entirely­­­­___________ basis.
A. volunteer B. volunteered C. voluntary D. voluntarily

33 . Books are still a cheap way to get information and ___________
A. entertainment B. entertain C. entertaining D. entertainer

34 . To Americans, it is impolite to ask someone about age, ___________. and salary.
A. marry B. married C. marriage D. marrying

35. Life here is very _____.

A. peacefull B. peaceful C. peace D. peacefulness

36. Women usually don’t shake hands when being _____.

A. introducing B. introduction C. introduced D. introducer

37. He was so _____ that he had an accident.

A. caring B. careless C. careful D. carefully

38. Farmers can enrich the soil by using ______.

A. fertile B. fertility C. fertilize D. fertilizers

39. Nowadays, chemicals are ______ into some fruits to reduce decay.

A. injection B. injecting C. inject D. injected

40. What’s your _______? – I’m Vietnamese.

A. nation B. national C. nationality D. international

41. In this course, students receive _______ in the basic English grammar.

A. instruct B. instructional C. instruction D. instructive

42. I _____ him for his honesty.

A. respective B. respectful C. respectable D. respect

43. All of the students appreciate the ______ of English learning.

A. import B. important C. importantly D. importance

44. We can enjoy live programmes through _______ satellites.

A. communicate B. communication C. communicative D. communicable

45. All of my students appreciate the___________ of English learning

A. import B. important C. importantly D. importance

46. She is ___________ in asking for bigger salary. She worked hard

A. reason B. reasonable C. unreasonable D. unreasonably

47. Are you ___________ of the danger that you are facing?

A. sense B. sensible C. senseless D. sensation

48. This book is interesting. It’s also well-.___________

A. illustrating B. illustrated C. illustration D. illustrate

49. My brother is studying___________ engineering

A. electronic B. electric C. electrical D. electrified

50. Communist is the highest form of___________

A. social B. socialist C. society D. socialism

​Part XIV: VERB FORM

1. I am looking forward to ___________ you.

A. seeing B. see C. to see D. saw

2. I arranged__________ them here.

A. to meet B. meeting C. met D. meet

3. He urged us __________ faster.

A. working B. work C. to work D. worked

4. I wish___________ the manager.

A. see B. seeing C. saw D. to see

5. It’s no use ____________

A. wait B. waiting C. to wait D. waited

6. He warned her ____________ the wire.

A. not touching B. not touch C. not to touch D. to not touch

7. Don’t forget ___________ the door before ____________ to bed.

A. to lock/ going B. locking/ going C. to lock/ to go D. lock/ going

8. My mother told me _____________ to anyone about it.

A. not speaking B. not speak C. to not speak D. not to speak

9. He tried _________ but she refused ____________

A. to explain/ listen B. to explain/ to listen C. explain / listen D. explaining/ listening

10. Would you mind __________ me how __________ the lift?

A. to show/ to work B. show/ work C. showing/ to work D. showing/ working

11. I couldn’t help ____________ what you said.

A. overhear B. overhearing C. overheared D. to overhear

12. Please go on ___________.I can wait.

A. write B. to write C. wrote D. writing

13. His doctor advised him __________ jogging.

A. to give up B. give up C. giving up D. gave up

14. Do stop ___________. I am doing my homework.

A. talk B. talking C. to talk D. talked

15. Mrs. Jones: I don’t allow my family __________ at all.

A. smoking B. to smoke C. smoked D. smoke

16. I am beginning ____________ what you mean.

A. to understand B. understand C. understanding D. A & C

17. After walking for three hours, we stopped to let the others ____________ with us.

A. to catch B. catching C. catch D. A & B

18. Your windows need __________. Would you like me to do them for you?

A. to be cleaned B. to clean C. cleaning D. A & C

19. It is interesting ___________ a good film.

A. to watch B. watching C. watch D. watched

20. My mother made me ___________ at home at night.

A. staying B. to stay C. stayed D. stay

21. The librarian asked us __________ so much noise.

A. don’t make B. not make C. not making D. not to make

22. I told you ___________ the computer, didn’t it?

A. to switch off B. don’t switch off C. not switch off D. switch off

23. He advised them ___________ in the class

A. to not talk B. not to talk C. to talk not D. don’t talk

24. Judy suggested _____________ for a walk but no one else wanted to.

A. to go B. go C. going D. went

25. Tom refused _________ me any money

A. to give B. give C. gave D. giving

26. Jill has decided not ____________a car

A. to buy B. buy C. buying D. will buy

27. There was a lot of traffic but we managed___________to the airport in time.

A. to get B. getting C.not to get D. got

28. Ann offered___________after our children while we were out

A. look B. to look C. looking D. look to

29. Would you like___________ to the D&J coffee

A. to go B.going C. went D. goes

30.Why hasn’t Sue arrived yet? She promised not ____________late

A. come B. to come C. coming D. came

31. She promised __________ back again

A. not to come B. is coming B. coming D. came

32. The teacher encouraged___________ the football team

A. to join B. joining C. joined D. join to

33. He reminded me ___________ to give the book back to John

A. not forget B. not to forget C. forgot D. forgeting.

34. My father has given up ____________.

A. smoke B. smoked C. smoking D. to smoked

35.”All right, I’ll wait for you” She agreed ___________ for me

A. to wait B. not to wait C. waiting D. wait to

36. I don’t enjoy ___________ letters.

A. writing B. to write C. have be written D. wrote

37. I consider ______________ the job but in the end I decided against doing it.

A. to take B. taking C. to be take D. took

38. The boy insisted on ______________ a break after lunch.

A. having B. to have C.not to have D. have

39. The woman looked forward to __________ his mother again.

A. meet B. to meet C. meeting D. met

40. The boy accused his friend of___________ stolen his bicycle.

A. have B. to have C.not to have D. having

41. Her mother prevented her from ___________ mobile phone.

A. use B. to use C. using D. not to use

42. He thanked her for __________ him some money.

A. lend B. to lend C. lending D. not lend.

43. She refused ____________ back again

A. not to come B. is coming B. coming D. to come

44. Her mother prevented her from ____________ out alone at night.

A. go B.going C. to go D. not to go

45. His brother agreed ____________ a car

A. to buy B. buy C. buying D. will buy

46. Most of my friends enjoy ______________ football on television.

A. watch B. to watch C. watching D. watched

47. Anne would rather ___________ than anything else.

A. study B. studying C. to study D. studied

48. Tracey is out of work. She hasn’t been able _____________ a job yet.

A. find B. to find C. finding D. found

49. Tracey doesn’t want___________ her friends and family.

A. leave B. leaving C. left D. to leave

50. I am very tired of ______________ to her complaints day after day.

A. listen B. listening C. to listen D. listened

​Part XV: CORRECTION

1. All of the homework given by our teachers are useful to every student.

A B C D

2. When Helen was a child, she has worked in a factory for more than three years.

A B C D

3. The tourist guide only has a twenty-dollars bill with her when she landed at the airport.

A B C D

4. After Mrs. Wang had returned to her house from work, she was cooking dinner.

A B C D

5. Elizabeth I has reigned as Queen of England from 1558 to 1603.

A B C D

6. Caroline refused taking the job given to her because the salary was not good.

A B C D

7. I finished college last year, and I am working here for only eight months now.

A B C D

8. If you think carefully before making your decision, you will avoid to get into trouble later.

A B C D

9. Each of the members of the group were made to write a report every week.

A B C D

10. Last week Mark told me that he got very bored with his present job and is looking for a new one.

A B C D

11. Jane asked Brian that he had ever been to South-east Asia and he said he had.

A B C D

12. I don’t know why is the elevator not working properly today.

A B C D

13. In the end, she quit the job because it was too bored.

A B C D

14. He said that he couldn’t remember where had he left his car.

A B C D

15. Many couples who both work must hire someone to take care of their children for they.

A B C D

16. The oil price is believing to be rising again.

A B C D

17. While the brows were away on holiday, their house was broke into.

A B C D

18. Why don’t you congratulate our son about passing his final exam?

A B C D

19. Now that I’ve become old, I can’t read as quick as I used to.

A B C D

20. There have been a report of several bombings by terrorist groups.

A B C D

21. If Al had come sooner, he could has eaten dinner with the whole family.

A B C D

22. If my father hasn’t encouraged me to take the exam, I wouldn’t have done it.

A B C D

23. If you give me more time and I will successfully finish this project.

A B C D

24. Some of the pictures he painted them were sold for millions of dollars.

A B C D

25. There are many another people who are members of the swimming club.

A B C D

26. Liquids take the shape of any container which in they are placed.

A B C D

27. Two out of three people striking by lightning survive.

A B C D

28. Some of the houses had been wrecked by the storm belonged to the poor villagers.

A B C D

29. The notebook lists every opportunities for handicapped workers in the area.

A B C D

30. In my opinion, the new foreign coach does his job relative well.

A B C D

31. He had stolen my money, today.

A B C D

32. She said that she liking her work so much.

A B C D

33. I was listening to the Radio last night when the door bell rings

A B C D

34. He stopped to smoke because it is harmful for his health.

A B C D

35. Have you finish the report yet?

A B C D

36. Dennis used to smoking a lot a year ago.

A B C D

37. There is such few ink that it will be impossible to finish addressing the envelopes.

A B C D

38. Economic reforms started since 1986 in Vietnam have helped millions of people to

A B

be out of poverty and bringing the poverty rate down.

C D

39. Anyone where works is regarded as a useful member of our society.

A B C D

40. Education and training are an important steps in getting the kind of job that you would like to have.

A B C D

41. Recently, there has been a lot of debate about students have to pay their own fees at university.

A B C D

42. We are working, that means that we are contributing goods and services to our city.

A B C D

43. Economic reform usually refers to actions of the government to improve efficiency in economy markets.

A B C D

44. The boy climbed up the tree to get bird’s eggs had a bad fall.

A B C D

45. After the police had tried unsuccessfully to determine to who the car belonged, they towed it into the station.

A B C D

46. If Robert Kennedy would have lived a little longer, he probably would have won the election.

A B C D

47. I found it wonderfully to travel abroad.

A B C D

48. Although the increase in air fares, most people still prefer to travel by plane.

A B C D

49.He failed the exams because his laziness.

A B C D

50.The policeman had driven ten minutes ago.

A B C D

​Part XVI: VOCABULARY

Exercise 1:

1. Most doctors and nurses have to work on a _______ once or twice a week at the hospital.

A. solution B. night shift C. household chores D. special dishes

2. We enjoy _______ time together in the evening when the family members gather in the living room after a day

of working hard.

A. spending B. caring C. taking D. doing

4. He is a _______ boy. He is often kind and helpful to every classmate.

A. frank B. lovely C. obedient D. caring

4. According to the boss, John is the most _______ for the position of executive secretary.

A. supportive B. caring C. suitable D. comfortable

5 Billy, come and give me a hand with cooking.

A. help B. prepared C. be busy D. attempt

6. Whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly.

A .happen B. encounter C. arrive D. clean

7. You should not burn _______. You had better dig a hole and bury it.

A. dishes B. lab C. garbage D. shift

8. One of Vietnamese traditions is a belief in _______ families and in preserving their cultures.

A. wealthy B. secure C. safe D. close-knit

9. The ………………that our family memmers share closely is watching film

A. concern B. interest C. pleasure D. entertainment

10.A. We share the house with my mother and father and my wife ‘s sister and her kids, it is a……….family

A. nuclear B. extended C. crowed D. single-parent

11. My mother……………………the responsiblity for running the household

A. holds B. takes C. runs D. bears

12. My husband and I both go out to work so we share the………………

A. happiness B. household chores C. responsibility D. emploment

13.Family is a base form which we can go in to the world with confidence

A. part B. place C. position D. foundation

14. Lee, who is Chinese, learns English as a ……………… language.

A. native B. second C. foreign D. first

15. This villa is the ……………. of my parents

A. belong B. possession C. having D. wealth

16. I really cannot accept your ……………. demands.

A. easy B. usual C. hard D. unreasonable

17. Don’t share the matter with anyone else. Please keep it in ……………….

A. private B. possession C. property D. tongue

18. Millions of people all over the world ………………. English as their native language.

A have B. talk C. choose D. produce

19. I have learned a lot about the value of labor from my ……………….. at home.

A. pot plants B. chores C. energy D. credit

20. If you practice regularly, you can learn this language skill in a short ……………. of time.

A. activity B. arrangement C. period D. aspect

21. London is home to people of many _______ cultures.

A. diverse B. diversity C. diversify D. diversification

22. A curriculum that ignores ethnic tensions, racial antagonisms, cultural _______ and religious differences is pot relevant.

A. diversity B. contacts C. barriers D. levels

23. Some researchers have just _______ a survey of young people’s points of view on contractual marriage.

A. sent B. directed C. managed D. conducted

24. It will take more or less a month to prepare for the wedding.

A. approximately B. generally C. frankly D. simply

25. Many young people have objected to _______ marriage, which is decided by the parents of the bride and groom.

A. agreed B. shared C. contractual D. sacrificed

26. All parents are _______ to at least try to behave in ways that will give their own children an important

protection

A. decided B. supposed C. followed D. rejected

27. It is thought that traditional marriage _______ are important basis of limiting divorce rates.

A. appearances B. records C. responses D. values

28. Mr. Pike held his wife’s hands and talked urgently to her in a low voice, but there didn’t seem to be any

response.

A. feeling B. emotion C. reply D. effect

29. Family is the place where _______ children is not only tolerated but welcomed and encouraged.

A. taking B. having C. giving D. showing

30. Socially, the married _______ is thought to be the basic unit of society.

A. couple B. pair C. twins D. double

31. Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world.

A. variety B. changes C. conservation D.number

32. You are not _______ to say anything unless you wish to do so.

A. obliged B. willing C. equal D. attracted

33. A woman can never have a happy married life without _______ her husband.

A. demanding B. agreeing C. trusting D.determining

34. Many Vietnamese people ______ their lives for the revolutionary cause of the nation

A. sacrifice B. sacrificed C. sacrificial D. sacrificially

35. Most of us would maintain that physical ______ does not playa major part in how we react to the people we

meet.

A. attract B. attractive C. attractiveness D. attractively

36. They had a ______ candlelit dinner last night and she accepted his proposal of marriage.

A. romance B. romantic C. romantically D. romanticize

37. Reading the story of the ______ having her dress torn off in the lift reminded me of my friend’s wedding.

A. groom B. bride C. celibate D. groomsman

38. I do not think there is a real ______ between men and women at home as well as in society.

A. attitude B. value C. measurement D. equality

39. The ______ to success is to be ready from the start.

A. key B. response C. agreement D. demand

40. They decided to divorce and Mary is ______ to get the right to raise the child.

A. equal B. determined C. obliged D. active

41. She is a kind of woman who does not care much of work but generally _______ only with colleagues for

meals, movies or late nights at a club.

A. supposes B. socializes C. attention D. discussed

42. I didn’t think his comments were very appropriate at the time.

A. correct B. right C. exact D. suitable

43. You should _______ more attention to what your teacher explains.

A. make B. get C. set D. pay

44. Body language is a potent form of _______ communication.

A. verbal B. non-verbal C. tongue D. oral

45. Our teacher often said, “Who knows the answer? _______ your hand.”

A. Raised B. Lift C. Raise D. Heighten

46. This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate.

A. situation. B. attention C. place D. matter

47. The boy waved his hands to his mother, who was standing at the school gate, to _______ her attention.

A. attract B. pull C. follow D. tempt

48. If something _______ your attention or your eye, you notice it or become interested in it.

A. pays B. allow C. catches D. wave

49. When you are in a restaurant, you can raise your hand slightly to show that you need assistance.

A. bill B. menu C. help D. food

50. After a _______ hesitation, she began to speak with such a convincing voice.

A. rude B. slight C. small D. impolite

51. He is one of the most _______ bosses I have ever worked with. He behaves rudely to not only me but also others in the staff.

A. thoughtful B. impolite C. attentive D. communicative

52. In many cultures, people signify their agreement by _______ their head.

A. turning B. raising C. pointing D. nodding

53. When you see your teacher approaching you, a slight wave to attract his attention is appropriate.

A. coming nearer to B. catching sight of C. pointing at D. looking up to

54. When you catch someone’s _______ you do something to attract his attention so that you can talk to him.

A. head B. hand C. eye D. ear

55. When the play finished the audience stood up and _______ their hands loudly.

A. clapped B. nodded C. shook D. hold

56. It is _______ not to say “Thank you” when you are given something.

A. small B. rude C. slight D. formal

57. A whistle is the _______ for the football players to begin the match.

A. communication B. instance C. attention D. signal

58. It is often considered to be impolite to _______ at someone.

A. look B. smile C. point D. raise

59. He is not really friendly and makes no attempt to be _______.

A. society B. social C. socialize D. sociable

60. She sent me a _______ letter thanking me for my invitation.

A. polite B. politely C. politeness D. impoliteness

Exercise 2:

1. With black hair and eyes, she is___________ of the people from her country.

A. the same B. typical C. similar D. identical

2. Military is _________ in this country. Every man who reaches the age of 18 has to serve in the army

for two years.

A. compulsory B. optional C. illegal D. unnecessary

3. People tend to work hard at this_________ of life.

A. distance B. stage C. space D. level

4. Concern for the environment is now at the_______ of many governments’ policies.

A. core B. aim C. target D. purpose

5. Although he has not got necessary experience, he used to take a _______ in business administration.

A. curriculum B. course C. school D. class

  1. The college offers both _______ and professional qualifications.

a. government b. experience c. requirement d. academic

7. In the UK, _______ schools refer to government-funded schools which provide education free of charge to

pupils.

a. state b. secondary c. independent d. primary

8. The functional skills such as fundamentals of agriculture, health and hygiene and population education have

also been incorporated in the primary school _______.

a. curriculum b. project c. plan d. schedule

9. Education has been developed in _______ with modern industry and the mass media.

a. compulsory b. parallel c. selected d. following

10. Fee-paying schools, often called “independent schools”, “private schools” or “_______ schools”

a. college b. primary c. secondary d. public

11. In Scotland, students transfer from primary to secondary education at approximately age 10

a. compound b. base c. change d. move

  1. As an _______, Mr. Pike is very worried about the increasing of juvenile delinquency.

a. educate b. education c. educator d. educative

13. School uniform is compulsory in most of Vietnamese schools.

a. depended b. required c. divided d. paid

14. The United Nations Secretary-General has often spoken of the need for individual _______ and human rights

in his speeches.

a. free b. freedom c. freely d. freeing

15. A/An _______ is an official document stating that you have passed an examination, completed a course, or

achieved some necessary qualifications.

a. certificate b. requirement c. education d. test

16. Peter is trying his best to study in hope that he will _______ fame and fortune in the near future.

a. lose b. run c. move d. achieve

17. _______ is the study of the events of the past.

a. Geography b. History c. Arts d. Literature

18. She was the first in her family to enjoy the privilege of a university _____.

a. schedule b. education c. science d. technology

19. English is an important _______ that is required in several national examinations:

a. language b. test c. evaluation d. subject

20. _______ is the study of the Earth’s physical features and the people, plants, and animals that live in different

regions of the world.

a. Science b. Geography c. History d. Technology

21. He graduated with doctorates of _______ and surgery from Florence, gaining the highest honors that year.

a. medicine b. medical c. medicate d. medication

22. The making of good habits _______ a determination to keep on training your child.

a. require b. requires c. requirement d. required

23. He was the only _______ that was offered the job.

a. apply b. application c. applicant d. applying

24. A university is an -institution of higher education and research, which grants _______ degrees at all levels in a

variety of subjects.

a. secondary b. optional c. academic d. vocational

25. ____________ is the medical treatment of animals.

a. Chemistry b. Pharmacy c. Medicine d. Veterinary

26. A _______ is an area of knowledge or study, especially one that you study at school, college, or university.

a. degree b. subject c. level d. vacancy

27. Most _______ are at senior level, requiring appropriate qualifications.

a. degrees b. grades c. colleges d. vacancies

28. She reads newspapers every day to look for the vacant _______ for which she can apply.

a. institutions b. indications c. positions d. locations

29. He had been expected to cope well with examinations and _______ good results.

a. achieve b. consider c. last d. object

30. He has not been offered the job because he cannot meet the _______ of the company.

a. requirements b. applicants c. information d. education

31. _______ education is normally taken to include undergraduate arid postgraduate education, as well as

vocational education and training.

a. Primary b. Tertiary c. Secondary d. Intermediate

32. The University of Cambridge is a prestigious _______ of higher learning in the UK

a. tower b. hall c. house d. institute

33. – Which subject do you _______ at university? – I major in Maths.

a. do b. make c. practice d. demonstrate

34. A _______ is an official document that you receive when you have completed a course of study or training.

a. vocation b. subject c. certificate d. grade

35. In many countries, prospective university students apply for _______ during their last year of high school.

a. achievement b. information c. course d. admission

36. Parents can express a _______ for the school their child attends.

a. prefer b. preference c. preferential d. preferable

37. Many people have objected to the use of animals in _____ experiments.

a. science b. scientist c. scientific d. scientifically

38. I would like to invite you to participate in the ceremony.

a. graduate b. graduated c. graduation d. graduating

39. Mr. Pike provided us with an _______ guide to the full-time and part-time programs on offer to a range of

candidates drawn from schools and colleges.

a. inform b. informative c. informed d. information

40. Not many places at the universities are left, so choice is on a severe _______.

a. limiting b. limitation c. delimitation d. limited

41. Many children are under such a high _______ of learning that they do not feel happy at school.

a. recommendation b. interview c. pressure d. concentration

42. She likes meeting people and travelling so she wants to apply for a _______ of a receptionist or tourist guide.

a. location b. position c. site d. word

43. To my _______, I was not offered the job.

a. happiness b. dream c. joy d. disappointment

44. Being well-dress and punctual can help you create a good _______ on your interviewer.

a. impression b. pressure c. employment d. effectiveness

45. She often reads newspapers and look through the Situations _______ columns every day, but up to now she

has not found any job yet.

a. Article b. Space c. Vacant d. Spot

46. Doctors have to assume _______ for human life.

a. responsible b. responsibly c. responsibility d. responsibles

47. _______ is increasing, which results from economic crisis.

a. Employment b. Unemployment c. Employ d. Unemployed

48. He was offered the job thanks to his _______ performance during his job interview.

a. impress b. impression c. impressive d. impressively

49. His work involves helping students to find temporary _______ during their summer vacation.

a. decision b. employment c. choice d. selection

50. To prepare for your job interview, you should jot down your qualifications and experience as well as some

important information about yourself.

a. draw b. place c. put d. write

51. When being interviewed, you should concentrate on what the interviewer is saying or asking you.

a. be related to b. be interested in c. pay all attention to d. express interest to

52. Before _______ for a position, check whether you can fulfill all the requirements from the employer.

a. deciding b. applying c. requiring d. demanding

53. If you are _______ for a particular job, someone asks you questions about yourself to find out if you suitable

for it.

a. paid b. chosen c. interviewed d. recommended

54. You should ask the interviewer some questions about the job to show your _______ and keenness.

a. anger b. thrill c. amazement d. interest

55. The interviewer gave his consent to John’s _______ for work and promised to give him a job.

a. keen b. keenly c. keener d. keenness

56. _______! I have heard of your success in the new project.

a. Congratulate b. Congratulating c. Congratulation d. Congratulations

57. It is _______ to fail a job interview, but try again.

a. disappoint b. disappointing c. disappointedly d. disappointment

58. Her job was so _______ that she decided to quit it.

a. interesting b. satisfactory c. stressful d. wonderful

59. Some days of rest may help to _______ the pressure of work.

a. reduce b. lower c. chop d. crease

60. Can you please tell me some information that _______ to the job?

a. indicates b. expresses c. interests d. relates

Exercise 3:

1. It is quite important _______ me to get on and think.

A. of B. to C. on D. with

2. The new policies include cutting _______ subsidies and trade barriers.

A. agriculture B. agricultural C. agriculturalist D. agriculturally

3. The control of _______ has been carried out through measures rooted in monetarism.

A. inflate B. inflationist C. inflation D. inflator

4. It is often a good idea to start with small, easily _______ goals.

A. achieve B. achievement C. achievable D. achiever

5. Economic reforms began in the Soviet Union in June 1985 by the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to _______

the Soviet economy.

A. repair B. reproduce C. restructure D. reply

6. After more than a decade of Doi Moi or economic _______, the Vietnamese Communist government has

achieved diplomatic and economic links with numerous foreign partners.

A. relation B. investment C. productivity D. renovation

7. For more than 20 years, the Vietnamese government has pursued the open-door _______ and continued to woo

foreign investment.

A. policy B. way C. export D. guideline

8. After a decade of economic liberalization, Vietnam has seen a dramatic rise in living _______ in urban areas.

A. surface B. standards C. levels D. backgrounds

9._______ laws and regulations which impose restrictions on any rights should be revised to comply with

international law.

A. Domestic B. Program C. Encouraged D. Expanding

10. These new economic reforms have allowed for international _______ and development in the country.

A. pay B. renovation C. investment D. opportunity

11. In 2001 _______ Vietnamese Communist Party approved a 10-year economic plan that enhanced the role of

the, private sector while reaffirming the primacy of the state.

A. a B. an C. the D. Ø

12. Economic reforms are often carried _______ to promote the developing of a country.

A. out B. on C. for D. in

13. For more than ten years, we have seen the significant _______ in the economy of our country.

A. develop B. developments C. developers D. developed

14. Henry was a studious student. He needed no _______ to work hard.

A. encourage B. encouraging C. encouragement D. encouraged

15. During the time of economic reforms, the economy has grown _______ with only a few major setbacks.

A. constant B. constantly C. constants D. constancy

16. The _______ effect of the new policy is that the farmer is now working for himself, and not for the state sake.

A. legal B. common C. all D. overall

17. Considering peasants make up nearly 80% of Vietnam’s population.

A. specialists B. economists C. professors D. farmers

18. The Doi Moi reforms have _______ new possibilities in farming systems research in Vietnam.

A. risen B. opened C. renovated D. called

19. The introduction of appropriate farming practices to Vietnam farmers can help them achieve a higher output.

A. productivity B. renovation C. guideline D. achievement

20. There was a shortage _______ food and safe water after the flood.

A. on B. with C. for D. of

21. Constant _______ of attack makes everyday life dangerous here.

A. threat B. threaten C. threatening D. threateningly

22. No one can predict the future exactly. Things may happen _______.

A. expected B. unexpected C. expectedly D. unexpectedly

23. Someone who is _______ is hopeful about the future or the success of something in particular.

A. powerful B. optimistic C. stagnant D. pessimistic

24. There will be powerful network of computers which may come from a single computing _______ that is worn

on or in the body.

A. device B. machinery C. equipment D. vehicle

25. A _______ is a spacecraft that is designed to travel into space and back to earth several times.

A. a. plane B. corporation C. telecommunication D. shuttle

26. An economic _______ is a time when there is very little economic activity, which causes a lot of

unemployment and poverty.

A. improvement B. depression C. development D. mission

27. In the future many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lost.

A. companies B. services C. supermarkets D. farms

28. The more powerful weapons are, the more terrible the _______ is.

A. creativity B. history C. terrorism D. technology

29. The medical community continues to make progress in the fight against cancer.

A. speed B. expectation C. improvement D. treatment

30. What are your plans for _______ future?

A. a B. an C. the D. Ø

31. In the future, the number of tiny but _______ computers you encounter every day will number in the

thousands, perhaps millions.

A. power B. powerful C. powerfully D. powered

32. Advances in computing _______, from processing speed to network capacity and the internet, have

revolutionized the way scientists work.

A. technology B. technological C. technologically D. technologist

33. What will the relationship between computing and _______ bring us over the next 15 years?

A. science B. scientific C. scientifically D. scientist

34. Someone who is _______ thinks that bad things are going to happen.

A. optimistic B. pessimistic C. threatened D. hopeful

35. Domestic chores will no longer be a burden thanks to the inventions of laborsaving devices.

A. Official B. Household C. Schooling D. Foreign

36. The idea of building a _______ with human intelligence is not only ambitious but also highly unconventional.

A. robot B. corporation C. line D. road

37. Washing machines, vacuum cleaners, and dish washers are labor _______ devices which help us do

housework easily and quickly.

A. improving B. making C. saving D. employing

38. Those companies were closed due to some seriously financial problems.

A. taken off B. put away C. wiped out D. gone over

39. The computer allows us to work fast and _______.

A. efficiently B. differently C. variously D. freshly

40. Many people think that in some more years we will see the complete _______ of newspapers and magazines

due to the Internet.

A. disappear B. disappearance C. appear D. appearing

41. ________ Sahara of ________ Africa is the world’s largest desert.

A. Ø / the B. The / Ø C. A / an D. The / an

42. The Sahara contains complex linear dunes that are ________ by almost 6 kilometers.

A. developed B. separated C. lay D. located

43. A _______ is a landscape or region that receives very little precipitation.

A. dune B. desert C. sandy area D. shrub land

44. Deserts are often composed of ________ and rocky surfaces.

A. water B. trees C. oil D. sand

45. Three great stretches of sandy deserts almost circle the center of Australia.

A. dunes B. valleys C. lands D. areas

46. Deserts are also classified by their ________ location and dominant weather pattern.

A. geographical B. aerial C. sandy D. facial

47. Thanks to pictures taken by satellites, deserts have not ________ a mystery in our time.

A. hidden B. intended C. remained D. attained

48. Can you make a ________ estimate of how much our expedition in the desert may be?

A. rough B. roughly C. roughing D. roughen

49. After Peter had returned from the Sahara desert, he was confined to bed by a ________ disease.

A. mystery B. mysterious C. mysteriously D. mysteriousness

50. In the northern part of the Simpson Desert, the dunes are separated by ________ of low, open shrubland.

A. streets B. ways C. corridors D. lines

51. A ________ is a small raised area of ground, like a very small hill.

A. slope B. hummock C. dune D. shrub

52. We used to climb up the crest of the hill to get a good view of the surroundings.

A. top B. foot C. middle D. face

53. Scientific ________ help to explore some places and discover more and more remote parts of the world.

A. survey B. lead C. research D. expedition

54. The wind that blows in the desert comes ________ far away waters.

A. for B. with C. in D. from

55. Some sand dunes may be over 200 meters ________ height.

A. with B. at C. on D. in

56. Several ________ advanced countries have had plans to make desert more hospitable.

A. science B. scientific C. scientifically D. scientist

57. The desert biome includes the hottest places in the world because it absorbs more ________ from the sun than

land in humid climates do.

A. heat B. hot C. hotly D. heating

58. A ________ is a large animal that lives in deserts and is used for carrying goods and people.

A. slope B. dune C. spinifex D. camel

59. The ________ of a cliff, or mountain, is a vertical surface or side of it.

A. face B. border C. crest D. lake

60. Most deserts are enormous sandy areas.

A. mysterious B. narrow C. immense D. aerial

Exercise 4:

1. Birds arent all the same. There are many different _____.

A. categories B. species C. animals D. plants

2. The rhinoceros will become ___ if people continue to hurt them.

A. extinct B. instinct C. distinct D. extinction

3. Thousands of species of animals and plants are ____ and the number decreases each year.

A. danger B. dangerous C. endanger D. endangered

4. If one species becomes extinct, the whole chain will be ___ seriously.

A. disappeared B. killed C. damaged D. threatened

5. We depend on species diversity to provide food, clean air and water.

A. popularity B. existence C. development D. variety

6. More than a billion people all over the world are under the threat of desert____.

A. increase B. expansion C. extension D. development

7. Biologists have introduced a global list of endangered and vulnerable animal species.

A. rare and specious B. small but invaluable C. weak and easily hurt D. strong and unusual

8. Government have passed laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade.

A. enabled B. enforced C. enacted D. ensured

9. The government is now trying to protect gorilla to ensure their ____.

A. life B. existence C.survival D. growth

10. Everyone is worried about the ___ of the rainforests.

A. destruction B. protection C. species D. extinction

11. Without ___ all the resources necessary for life would be damaged, wasted or destroyed.

A. conversation B. biodiversity C. extinction D. destruction

12. Many people are interested in watching ___.

A. wildlife B. wilds C. wilderness D. wildly

13. This species has nearly died out because its ___ is being destroyed.

A. environment B. habitat C. land D. forest

14. The primary causes of species extinction are habitat destruction, commercial ___ and pollution.

A. exploit B. exploiting C. exploitation D. exploitative

15. Toxic chemicals in the air and land have also driven many species to the ___ of extinction.

A. border B. limit C. verge D. edge

16. It is ___ to cross the sea in a small boat.

A. danger B. endanger C. dangerous D. endangered

17. Do you think plants and animals, however small or oversized, all contribute to the ____?

A. conversation B. extinction C. destruction D. biodiversity

18. Many African and Asian nations have set aside land called ___ to protect the habitats of elephants and other

wild animals.

A. reserves B. species C. wildlife D. forest

19. Over 120 ___ of birds have been recorded in this national park.

A. species B. diversity C. animals D. individuals

20. The mountain gorilla is on the verge of ___.

A. extinct B. extraction C. extinguish D. extinction

21. Reviewers often ___ books as “hard to put down” or “hard to pick up again”.

A. describe B. illustrate C. classify D. choose

22. Have you got any books on business methods or any similar ___?

A. subject B. content C. author D. matter

23. How are the books in this library___?

A. divided B. named C. gathered D. classified

24. Roberts new book will be ___ in August.

A. typed B. published C. broadcast D. announced

25. Im reading a Stephen Kings novel. Its really exciting and I couldnt ___.

A. get it off B. put it down C. take it on D. look it up

26. Children tend to read ___ books that tell stories through pictures.

A. novel B. fiction C. science D. comic

27. What kind of readers would you ___ this book?

A. advise B. introduce C. recommend D. persuade

28. Watching videos is becoming a popular form of ___.

A. entertain B. entertainment C. entertainer D. entertaining

29. After talking to Mary for ten minutes, George paused, waiting for her to ___the information.

A. taste B. chew C. swallow D. digest

30. Mr. Johnson was so busy that he only had enough time to ___ the report before he attended the meeting.

A. dip into B. review C. go over D. pick up

31. The book ___ me of the days I was in the army.

A. remembers B. reminds C. recalls D. recollects

32. Most novels are divided into several___.

A. chapters B. units C. sections D. passages

33. Cambridge University Press is the ___ of the book you are reading.

A. author B. editor C. printer D. publisher

34. Ernest Hemingway is one of my ___ American writers.

A. best B. favourite C. ideal D. most popular

35. Id like to ___ that book when youve read it.

A. borrow B. hire C. lend D. loan

36. The plot of the novel was exciting, but I didnt find the ___ very interesting.

A. characters B. figures C. people D. persons

37. The dictionary is too expensive for me. I cant ___ it.

A. spend B. cost C. afford D. pay

38. ___ books tell stories from the authors imagination.

A. Fiction B. Picture C. Coloured D. Long

39. If you cant find what you are looking for in the book, use the ___.

A. index B. list C. preface D. directory

40. Hes a ___ boy. He knows everything from books never gives any logical and practical solutions.

A. bookworm B. bookish C. bookbinder D. book-keeper

41. Runners from eight different countries will be competing in the next ___.

A. race B. place C. record D. course

42. It is common knowledge that sportmen ___ themselves in good form by regular swimming.

A. put B. make C. take D. keep

43. Synchronized swimming is a sport in which groups of swimmers ___ in patterns in the water to music.

A. go B. move C. dive D. jump

44. Wind – surfing is a common term for two similar ___ sports: sail-surfing and sail- boarding.

A. water B. wind C. sail D. board

45. Volleyball, basketball, football are ___ games.

A. team B. group C. crowd D. class

46. Rowing is the sport or activity of travelling in a boat by using ___.

A. air tanks B. sails C. boards D. oars

47. Unlike football, a water polo game is ___ into quarters.

A. divided B. separated C. cut D. played

48. In 1918, Smith ___ the record for the worlds longest flight by flying 2,350 miles from Cairo to Calcutta.

A. smashed B. split C. cracked D. broke

49. One of the four period of time in which a game of American football is divided is known as a ___.

A. part B. half C. quarter D. stage

50. The ___ is the official who controls the game in some sports.

A. player B. captain C. referee D. defender

51. In water polo, holding balls with two hands and punching ball are ___.

A. errors B. fouls C. faults D. mistakes

52. A kick taken as a penalty in the game of football is called a penalty kick or ___ kick.

A. punishment B. foul C. opposition D. spot

53. Any players who commit 5 personal fouls will be ___.

A. rejected B. ejected C. sacked D. dismissed

54. In water polo the ball can be ___ by passing with one hand.

A. advanced B. forwarded C. thrown D. kicked

55. No player except the ___ can hold the ball with two hands.

A. goalie B. referee C. defensive player D. striker

56. Katherine Curtis developed the ___ for the competition of synchronized swimming.

A. regulations B. formula C. laws D. principles

57. The whole audience objected to their foul play during the football match.

A. clumsy B. dependent C. imperfect D. unfair

58. The match ended in a ___.

A. foul B. tie C. range D. penalty

59. William won first ___ in the tennis competition.

A. medal B. prize C. reward D. position

60. If you ___ the goalie, there are seven players in a team.

A. gather B. conclude C. collect D. include

Exercise 5:

1. Johnny used to be one of the most _______ athletes in my country.

A. succeed B. success C. successful D. successfully

2. The 22nd SEA Games consisted of athletes from eleven _____ countries.

A. participate B. participant C. participation D. participating

3. _______, the athlete broke the world’s record with two attempts.

A. Surprise B. Surprised C. Surprising D. Surprisingly

4. On behalf of the referees and athletes, referee Hoang Quoc Vinh and shooter Nguyen Manh Tuong swore to an

oath of “_______, Honesty and Fair Play”.

A. Performance B. Delegation C. Participation D. Solidarity

5. The ASEAN Para-Games are hosted by the same country where the SEA Games took place.

A. organized B. impressed C. participated D. defended

6. The ASEAN Para-Games is a biannual multi-sport _______ held after every Southeast Asian Games for

athletes with physical disabilities.

A. games B. event C. work D. situation

7. In beach volleyball, Indonesia defeated Thailand in straight sets to take men’s gold _______.

A. present B. award C. medal D. reward

8. The 22nd SEA Games was the first time when Vietnam finished top of the medal _______.

A. standings B. events C. spirits D. programs

9. Viet Nam’s successful hosting of the 22nd SEA Games is considered a/an _____ example for other countries to follow, particularly in honesty, consistence and organizing method.

A. festival B. peaceful C. energetic D. outstanding

10. The number of Vietnamese sport officials and referees of international standard taking part in regional

tournaments has increased rapidly.

A. hosting B. participating C. achieving D. succeeding

11. At the 23rd SEA Games, Viet Nam proved its position in the region by ____ third behind the host – the

Philippines and second-ranked Thailand.

A. finishing B. playing C. preparing D. performing

12. In the 22nd SEA Games in 2003, the country _______ the competition with 340 medals, including 156 golds,

91 silvers and 93 bronzes.

A. defended B. cost C. topped D. ranked

13. To improve its athletes’ _______, Viet Nam has regularly exchanged delegation of sport officials, coaches,

referees and athletes with other countries.

A. team B. competitor C. appearance D. performance

14. _______ is the activity of doing special exercises regularly in order to make your muscles grow bigger.

A. Wrestling B. Bodybuilding C. Weightlifting D. Badminton

15. He is a great sports _______. He rarely misses any sport games although he was busy.

A. enthusiast B. player C. energy D. programmer

16. At the 23rd SEA Games, Viet Nam proved its position in the region by ____ third behind the host – the

Philippines and second-ranked Thailand.

A. finishing B. playing C. preparing D. performing

17. How many _______ took part in the 22nd SEA Games?

A. compete B. competitors C. competition D. competitor

18. The second part of the program in the 22nd SEA Games opening ceremony was named “_______ for Peace”.

A. Cooperate B. Cooperation C. Cooperative D. Cooperatively

19. The _______ wanted to reduce the breadth of the games, with many events currently having small fields and

weak competition.

A. organize B. organization C. organizable D. organizers

20. Before the 22nd SEA Games, Vietnam had made a good _______ in every aspect.

A. prepare B. preparation C. preparative D. preparer

21. ASEAN press praised the great _______ of Vietnamese athletes at the 22nd SEA Games.

A. sports B. sportsman C. sporting D. sportsmanship

22. The success of the 22nd SEA Games had a great contribution of many _______ volunteers.

A. support B. supporter C. supportive D. supportively

23. Since its rejoining in the Southeast Asian arena in 1989, Viet Nam’s sports have made great _______,

particularly in recent SEA Games.

A. success B. invention C. host D. game

24. The athlete had tried his best to _______ his SEA Games title and records.

A. carry B. perform C. defend D. support

25. Viet Nam is now willing to _______ part in the 24th SEA Games hosted by Thailand by the end of 2007 with

a total of 958 athletes.

A. play B. lose C. take D. enjoy

26. The International Committee Red Cross has about 12,000 staff members worldwide, about 800 of them

working in its Geneva _______.

A. factories B. companies C. headquarters D. buildings

27. The Red Cross on white background was the original protection _______ declared at the 1864 Geneva

Convention.

A. poster B. billboard C. symbol D. signal

28. The Red Cross is an international organization that helps people who are suffering from the results of war,

diseases or _______.

A. victims B. disasters C. opportunities D. conditions

29. Be careful! The tree is going to fall.

A. Look out B. Look up C. Look on D. Look after

30. The organization was established in 1950 in the USA.

A. come around B. set up C. made out D. put on

31. The International Red Cross helps people in need without any discrimination based on _______, race, religion,

class or political opinions.

A. national B. nationally C. nationality D. native

32. The International Committee of the Red Cross is a private _______ institution founded in 1863 in Geneva,

Switzerland.

A. human B. humanity C. humanization D. humanitarian

33. In former days, after the battles soldiers on both sides died or were left wounded on the field without any

_______ attendance and basic care.

A. medicine B. medical C. medication D. medically

34. The International Red Cross has about 97 million volunteers whose main _______ is to protect human life and

health.

A. mission B. experience C. organization D. rule

35. The International Red Cross helps to ensure respect for the human being, and to prevent and relieve human

_______.

A. protection B. enjoyment C. wealthy D. sufferings

36. An international medical conference initiated by Davison resulted in the birth of the League of Red Cross

Societies in 1991.

A. started B. helped C. treated D. dedicated

37. In times of war, the Red Cross is dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians, and

prisoners of war.

A. mounted B. excited C. devoted D. interested

38. _______ is a situation in which large numbers of people have little or no food, and many of them die.

A. Disaster B. Famine C. Poverty D. Flood.

39. Within their home country, National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies assume the duties and

responsibilities of a national relief society.

A. take on B. get off C. go about D. put in

40. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.

A. put on B. went off C. got out D. kept up

41. She sustained severe head _______ after being thrown from her horse.

A. injure B. injured C. injuries D. injurious

42. According to World Bank figures, 41 per cent of Brazilians live in absolute _______.

A. poor B. poorer C. poorly D. poverty

43. Up until the middle of the 19th century, there were no _______ and well established army nursing systems for

casualties.

A. organize B. organized C. organizational D. organizers

44. The AIDS _______ continues to spread around the world. Up to 4,000 people are infected with the HIV virus

every single day.

A. treatment B. epidemic C. tsunami D. damage

45. During World War II, the Red Cross organized relief assistance for _______ and wounded soldiers and

administered the exchange of messages regarding prisoners and missing persons.

A. civilians B. governments C. authorities D. members

46. A _______ is a very large wave, often caused by an earthquake that flows onto the land and destroys things. A. famine B. catastrophe C. tsunami D. flood

47. By the end of World War II, 179 _______ of the Red Cross had conducted 12,750 visits to POW (prisoner of

war) camps in 41 countries.

A. conferences B. symbols C. missions D. delegates

48. We oppose this war, as we would do any other war which created an environmental catastrophe.

A. pollution B. disaster C. convention D. epidemic

49. The first relief assistance mission organized by the League was an aid mission for the _______ of a famine and

subsequent typhus epidemic in Poland.

A. leaders B. authorities C. victims D. organizers

50. The 1923 earthquake in Japan killed about 200,000 people and left countless wounded and homeless.

A. poor B. imprisoned C. suffered D. injured

51. In 2004 more than 40 national societies have worked with more than 22,000 _______ to bring relief to the

countless victims of the earthquake.

A. actions B. volunteers C. founders D. nations

52. How are you _______ on with your work? – It is OK.

A. calling B. getting C. laying D. looking

53. All payments to the ICRC are _______ and are received as donations.

A. volunteer B. voluntary C. voluntarily D. voluntariness

54. The Red Cross organizes and leads relief assistance missions after ______, such as natural disasters, man-

made disasters, and epidemics.

A. emergent B. emergencies C. emergently D. emergence

55. One of the tasks of the Red Cross is also to support local _____ care projects.

A. health B. healthy C. healthful D. healthily

56. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent _______ occurs once every four years.

A. Globe B. Society C. Conference D. Nations

57.The mission of the Red Cross is also to supervise the _______ of prisoners of war.

A. education B. encouragement C. treatment D. runaway

58. The total number of national Red Cross societies from all over the world has mounted to 186.

A. protected B. devoted C. increased D. aimed

59. Henri Davison, president of the American Red Cross war Committee proposed forming a federation of these

National Societies.

A. took B. dedicated C. carried D. suggested

60. Fifty per cent of road accidents results in head injuries.

A. examines B. heals C. causes D. treats

61. Jean Henri Dunant was appalled by the almost complete lack of care for wounded soldiers.

A. dedicated B. shocked C. interested D. excited

62. The mission statement of the International Movement as formulated in the “Strategy 2010” document of the

Federation is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.

A. weak and unprotected B. wealthy and famous C. poor and disabled D. deaf and mute

63. The authority _______ down that building to build a supermarket.

A. knocked B. came C. went D. fell

64. In some most Asian countries women are undervalued and they never have the same ___ as men.

A. formality B. basis C. limit D. status

65. What does “www” ________ for? Is it short for “world wide web?”

A. sit B. stand C. lie D. point

66. Not all women can do two jobs well at the same time: rearing children and working at office.

A. educating B. taking care of C. homemaking D. giving a birth

67. There have been significant changes in women’s lives since the women’s liberation movement.

A. controlled B. economic C. important D. natural

68. Childbearing is the women’s most wonderful role.

A. Giving birth to a baby B. Having no child C. Bring up a child D. Educating a child

69. Most people consider it women’s ________ to take care of children and do housework.

A. limit B. relationship C. responsibility D. respect

70. Mrs. Pike is a feminist, who ________ that women should be offered the same job opportunities as men.

A. varies B. advocates C. leads D. votes

71. It is against the law to _______ on the basis of sex, age, marital status, or race.

A. suit B. discriminate C. believe D. gain

72. Women’s status ______ in different countries and it depends on the cultural beliefs.

A. varies B. employs C. fixes D. establishes

73. Women’s contribution to our society has been ______ better these days.

A. differently B. naturally C. intellectually D. significantly

74. Many of young people between the ages of 16 and 18 who are neither in education nor ________ are in danger

of wasting their lives.

A. power B. ability C. nature D. employment

75. ASEAN helps to ____ regional cooperation in Southeast Asia in the spirit of equality and partnership

A. invest B. promote C. admit D. invest

76. Rice is the _______ exported product of Vietnam.

A. main B. free C. average D. rural

77. Southeast Asia is a region of diverse cultures.

A. same B. adopted C. various D. respected

78. ASEAN also works for the _______ of peace and stability in the region.

A. promote B. promotion C. promotional D. promoter

79. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, commonly referred to as ASEAN, is a geo-political and _______

organization.

A. economy B. economic C. economics D. economical

80. The motivations for the birth of ASEAN were the desire for a _______ environment.

A. stable B. stability C. stably D. stabilize

81. ASEAN was founded on 8 August, 1967 with five ________: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and

the Philippines.

A. members B. competitors C. leaders D. statesmen

82. ASEAN is an organization on the Southeast Asian region that aims to _______ economic growth, social

progress, and cultural development.

A. account B. include C. accelerate D. respect

83. The aims of the Association of Southeast Asia include the evolvement of economic growth, social progress,

cultural development among its members, and the promotion of regional peace.

A. goals B. organizations C. missions D. plans

84. ASEAN has emphasized cooperation in the “three pillars” of security, socio cultural and economic _______ in

the region.

A. organization B. production C. integration D. establishment

85. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is an agreement by the member nations of ASEAN concerning local

manufacturing in all ASEAN countries.

A. progressing B. producing C. combining D. aiming

86. ASEAN has planned equitable economic development and reduced poverty and _______ disparities in year

2020.

A. socio-politic B. socio-cultural C. socio-linguistic D. socio-economic

87. ASEAN’s aims include the acceleration of economic growth, _______ progress, cultural, development among

its members, and the promotion of regional peace.

A. society B. social C. socially D. socialize

88. A combined gross domestic _______ of the member countries of ASEAN has grown at an average rate of

around 6% per year.

A. produce B. productivity C. production D. product

89. One of ASEAN’s objectives is to help people think about peace and _______ and do something about it. A. origin B. justice C. statistics D. record

90. There are plenty of industrial _______ established in the area, which also makes the government worried about

pollution.

A. series B. goods C. enterprises D. relationships

91. Free _____ area is a designated group of countries that have agreed to eliminate tariffs, quotas, and preferences

on most goods among them.

A. trade B. cultural C. stable D. adopted

92. The ASEAN Investment Area aims to enhance the competitiveness of the region for attracting direct

investment which flows into and within ASEAN.

A. produce B. combine C. found D. improve

93. ASEAN has _______ a community of Southeast’ Asian nations at peace with one another and at peace with the

world.

A. joined B. estimated C. established D. solved

94. Throughout the 1970s, ASEAN embarked on a program of economic _______.

A. cooperate B. cooperation C. cooperative D. cooperatively

95. 2007 was the 40th anniversary of the _______ of ASEAN.

A. found B. founder C. foundation D. founding

96. Vietnam asked for _______ to ASEAN in 1995.

A. admit B. admission C. admissive D. admissible

97. ASEAN economic cooperation _______ many areas, such as agriculture, industry, services, transportations,

and tourism.

A. creates B. contains C. consists D. covers

98. ASEAN bodies in addressing global and regional concerns such as food security, _______ and disaster

management.

A. realization B. energy C. plan D. diversity

99. The 8th ASEAN Science and Technology Week is now being ____ in Manila from 1 to 11 July 2008.

A. held B. joined C. related D. combined

100. The ASEAN Science and Technology Week aims to promote science and technology _______ in the region. A. tourism B. solution C. forestry D. development

​Part XVII: READING COMPREHENSION

I. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer

Exercise 1:

Jean spent her first few years in Hooper and her family moved to Otsego early in her life. She was only ten when her father died unexpectedly, leaving her mother to raise and support their family alone. Her mother soon went to work outside the home to provide for the family, and Jean, being one of the oldest, had to help care for her younger siblings. Although she had much responsibility at home, Jean thoroughly enjoyed school and was an excellent student. She went on to graduate 10th in her class at Otsego High School in 1953.

While still in high school, Jean met a young man named Charles “Chuck” Holly, at a dance in Alamo; and they were quite taken with each other. Over the next few years, their love for each other blossomed and they were married on February 24, 1953, while Jean was still in school. At the time, Chuck was serving his country in the military, and had come home on leave to marry his sweetheart. Unfortunately, shortly thereafter, he was sent overseas to serve in Korea for the next fifteen months.

Upon his discharge, the couple settled into married life together in the Plainwell, Otsego area. To help make ends meet, Jean went to work at the collection bureau in Kalamazoo for a while, before taking a job at the cheese company in Otsego. In 1964, Chuck and Jean were overjoyed with the birth of their son, Chuck, who brought great joy into their lives. Jean remembered how her mother was always gone so much working after her father died and she did not want that for her son, so she left her job to devote herself to the role of a mother.

1. Before Jean’s father passed away, her mother used to _______.

A. work outside the home B. be a housewife C. support the family alone D. work as a secretary

2. Which is not referred to Jean?

A. She was a responsible girl. B. She never helped her mother with household chores.

C. She often did well at school. ‘ D. She went to high school.

3. Jean’s husband was a _______.

A. teacher B. dancer C. soldier D. servant

4. Jean _______.

A. served in the military B. lived in Korea for fifteen months

C. had a daughter D. got married when she was a student

5. Which is not true about Jean?

A. She disliked staying at home and taking care of her child.

B. She worked outside the home before she had a child.

C. She was very happy when she got a baby.

D. She quit her job to look after her baby.

Exercise 2:

I was born to dance. I’ve been dancing all my life, ever since my mother, who gave up a dancing career on the stage when she married my father, picked me up and twirled me around as an infant. As much as I loved dancing with her, her greatest gift to me was her “unconditional love” during her lifetime.

My parents divorced after only 5 years of marriage, but my father remarried a lovely lady who also loved to dance. They used to take me to a dancing club where I would listen to the music and watch them dance-occasionally my stepmother, Mary, invited me to dance I also met my wife, Charlotte, in a dancing party. I danced with her for about 15 minutes, and during that brief span, I realized that I fell in love with her. We kept dancing throughout our marriage. My earliest memories of dancing with my daughters started when I came home from work to our small home in Marblehead, Massachusetts, and my daughter Laura was about 3 years old. It was very relaxing for me. To turn on the record player, pick up Laura in my arms, and dance her around the room!

Our family danced a lot. My daughters, Laura and Anne, and I continued to dance on every occasion. One favorite memory I have of dancing with Laura and Anne was when I took each of them when they were seniors in high school to the Daddy-Daughter dance. We won both dance competitions!

As their father, I have tried to provide my daughters with unconditional love, as my Mother provided to me, endless emotional and loving support, and good educations and life experiences which have helped prepare them for happy and successful adult lives. Being a father who is worthy of their love and respect, I consider fatherhood a privilege, not an entitlement.

In 1994, my oldest daughter Laura gave me a lovely book, which I still have, entitled “Fathers and Daughters.” My Father’s Day suggestion to every father is to dance with your daughters at every opportunity. It will not only bring you closer, it will give them memories of you “to hang onto” long after we are gone.

1. Of the characters mentioned in the passage, who did not like dancing?

A. Mary B. Laura C. Anne D. No one

2. The writer _________.

A. could not dance well B. had a devoted mother

C. had not met his father since his parents divorced. D. did not like to dance with his step mother

3. Which sentence is not true?

A. He used to go to a dancing club with his father and step mother. B. The writer had two daughters.

C. The writer enjoyed dancing with his daughters. D. The writer never danced with his step mother

4. Which is not referred to what the writer provides his daughters with?

A. the arts of dancing C. endless emotional and loving support

B. unconditional love D. good educations and life experiences

5. The writer _________ fatherhood.

A. underestimates B. appreciates C. dislikes D. disapproves of

Exercise 3:

When people plan to marry, they expect to find in their partner not only a lover but a friend also. They find a person with whom they can share their opinions, their emotions, thoughts and fears. In marriage we are looking for a partner who will be able to understand our values, our likes and dislikes.

If a man and a woman are born and raised in the same country, most likely they are familiar with the same songs, movies, jokes, books and life in general. They basically have the same roots. In the case of a western man and foreign woman family everything is more complicated and requires much more patience and understanding from both spouses. On one hand each of the partners has an opportunity to learn a great deal about the other’s country, culture, traditions and life styles which can be very interesting. On the other hand it can be very disappointing if there is the inability to understand your partner’s excitements and frustrations. For example, you are watching the television and suddenly you see a famous actor or singer, or other type of an artist whose name you have grown up with. Maybe this artist was an idol for your parents and the music of this artist was often played in your house when you were a child. Unfortunately you realize that your wife is unable to understand your feelings because she has no idea who this artist is. Her eyes are absolutely empty because she has never even heard the song before. You feel rather disappointed! Remember that your wife has the same situation with you. You do not know her country’s songs, her country’s famous actors, her books. She has her own memories and in actuality, for her, everything is much more difficult than it is for you. At least, you live in your own country where everybody can understand you. She lives in completely strange surroundings, where she has nobody to share her feelings with, except you.

Do some research and learn about your wife’s country, culture and lifestyles. Talk with her, ask her questions, get to know what songs she likes, what movies and books are of interest to her. The Internet will give you a great opportunity to find anything! Tell her about your country’s culture, let her listen to the music that you like, rent a movie for her that left you with great impression. Let her understand you better through the things that you like. Patience and time will help you to fight cultural differences.

1. A spouse should ________.

A. let the partner to do everything alone B. be not only a lover but also a friend

C. not share the feelings with the partner D. not interfere with what the partner’s likes and dislikes

2. According to the passage, ________.

A. Spouses who have the same nationality need more patience and understanding in their marriage than those

who are from different cultures.

B. Spouses who are from different cultures need more patience and understanding in their marriage than those

who have the same roots.

C. Spouses who have the same roots go not share anything together.

D. Spouses who are from different cultures can never share anything together.

3. If there is the inability to understand a spouse’s excitements and frustrations the marriage, he or she may feel ________.

A. faithful B. hopeless C. disappointed D. happy

4. The passage is ________.

A. critical B. convincing C. advisory D. apologetic

5. To overcome cultural differences in marriage needs ________.

A. patience and time B. time and money C. movies and music D. books and the Internet

Exercise 4:

In the past, both men and women were expected to be married at quite young ages. Marriages were generally arranged by parents and family, with their children having little chance to say no in the matter. In the past it was not surprising to find that a bride and groom had only just met on the day of their engagement or marriage.

In modern Vietnam, this has changed completely as people choose their own marriage-partners based on love, and in consideration primarily to their own needs and wants. Moreover early marriage is quite illegal.

The traditional Vietnamese wedding is one of the most important of traditional Vietnamese occasions. Regardless of westernization, many of the age-old customs practiced in a traditional Vietnamese wedding continue to be celebrated by both Vietnamese in Vietnam and overseas, often combining both western and eastern elements. Besides the wedding ceremony, there is also an engagement ceremony which takes place usually half a year or so before the wedding. Due to the spiritual nature of the occasion, the date and time of the marriage ceremony are decided in advance by a fortune teller The traditional Vietnamese wedding consists of an extensive array of ceremonies: the first is the ceremony to ask permission to receive the bride, the second is the procession to receive the bride (along with the ancestor ceremony at her house), the third is to bring the bride to the groom’s house for another ancestor ceremony and to welcome her into the family, then the last is a wedding banquet. The number of guests in attendance at these banquets is huge, usually in the hundreds. Several special dishes are served. Guests are expected to bring gifts, often money, which the groom and bride at one point in the banquet will go from table to table collecting.

1. In the past, _________.

A. Vietnamese couples were free to make a decision on the marriage

B. Vietnamese marriage was decided by parents and family

C. getting married at an early age was not allowed

D. parents had no right to interfere their children’s marriage

2. In former days, the fact that a bride and groom had only first met just on the day of their engagement or marriage was _________.

A. surprising B. popular C. uncommon D. strange

3. Which sentence is referred Vietnamese modern marriage?

A. Most young people do not have their marriage based on love.

B. All marriages are arranged by parents and family.

C. Marriage is quite westernization.

D. Couples do not get married at quite young ages.

4. According to the passage, __________.

A. Oversea Vietnamese people do not like to organize a traditional wedding

B. There is an engagement ceremony which takes place usually half a year or so before the wedding

C. Many of the age-old customs practiced in a traditional Vietnamese wedding do not exist nowadays

D. Vietnamese people never ask a fortune teller the date and time of the marriage ceremony

5. Which does not exist in a Vietnamese wedding party?

A. firecrackers B. guests C. dishes D. gifts

Exerciser 5:

Communication in general is process of sending and receiving messages that enables humans to share knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Although we usually identify communication with speech, communication is composed of two dimensions – verbal and nonverbal.

Nonverbal communication has been defined as communication without words. It includes apparent behaviors such as facial expressions, eyes, touching, tone of voice, as well as less obvious messages such as dress, posture and spatial distance between two or more people.

Activity or inactivity, words or silence all have message value: they influence others and these others, in turn, respond to these communications and thus they are communicating.

Commonly, nonverbal communication is learned shortly after birth and practiced and refined throughout a person’s lifetime. Children first learn nonverbal expressions by watching and imitating, much as they learn verbal skills.

Young children know far more than they can verbalize and are generally more adept at reading nonverbal cues than adults are because of their limited verbal skills and their recent reliance on the nonverbal to communicate. As children develop verbal skills, nonverbal channels of communication do’ not cease to exist although become entwined in the total communication process.

1. According to the writer, ________.

A. Nonverbal language is only used by the deaf and the mute.

B. One cannot communicate in both verbal and .nonverbal language.

C. Those who can listen and talk should not use nonverbal language.

D. People communicate with both verbal and nonverbal language.

2. Which is not included in nonverbal communication?

A. words B. spatial distance C. facial expressions D. tone of voice

3. We can learn from the text that ________.

A. nonverbal can never get any responses B. most people do not like nonverbal communication

C. even silence has message value D. touching is not accepted in communicating

4. Human beings ________.

A. have learnt how to communicate in nonverbal language through books

B. can communicate in nonverbal language only when they are mature

C. have learnt how to communicate in nonverbal language since a child

D. communicate in nonverbal language much less than they do in verbal language

5. The word reading has a close meaning to ________.

A. looking at the words that are written B. understanding

C. saying something aloud D. expressing

Exercise 6:

Movements and gestures by the hands, arms, legs, and other parts’ of the body and face are the most pervasive types of nonverbal messages and the most difficult to control. ‘It is estimated that there are over 200.000 physical signs capable of stimulating meaning in another person. For example, there are 23 distinct eyebrow movements, each capable of stimulating a different meaning.

Humans express attitudes toward themselves and vividly through body movements and postures. Body movements express true messages about feelings that cannot be masked. Because such avenues of communication are visual, they travel much farther than spoken words and are unaffected by the presence of noise that interrupt, or cancels out speech.

People communicate by the way they walk, stand, and sit. We tend to be more relaxed with friends or when addressing those of lower status. Body orientation also indicates status or liking of the other individual. More direct orientation is related to a more positive attitude.

Body movements and postures alone have no exact meaning, but they can greatly support or reject the spoken word. If these two means of communication are dichotomized and contradict each other, some result will be a disordered image and most often the nonverbal will dominate.

1. Which part of body is not used to send body message?

A. faces B. legs C. hands D. stomachs

2. Face gestures ________.

A. can help us control our feelings B. are the most difficult to control

C. cannot express our feelings D. do not include eye brow moments

3. Body communication is ________.

A. visual B. verbal C. very few D. uncommon

4. According to the text, body movements cannot express ________.

A. feelings B. status C. attitudes D. desires

5. Nonverbal communication ________.

A. may be interrupted by noise B. has no relation to verbal communication

C. dominates words D. is less common than verbal communication

Exercise 7:

In 1988, for the first time in British history, a National Curriculum was introduced. The National Curriculum tells pupils which subjects they have to study, what they must learn and when they have to take assessment tests.

Between the ages of 14 and 16, pupils study for their GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) exams. Pupils must take English Language, Maths and Science for GCSE, as well as a half GCSE in a foreign language and Technology. In addition, they must also be taught Physical Education, Religious Education and Sex Education, although they do not take exams in these subjects.

At the age of 16, pupils can leave school. If pupils stay on, they usually. take A (Advanced) levels, AS (Advanced Supplementary) level or GNVQs (Greater National Vocational Qualifications). It is quite common to combine, for example, two A levels with one AS level, or one A level with one GNVQ.

Pupils taking A levels study traditional subjects, such as French, Physics or History. To go to university, pupils usually need two or three A levels.

AS levels are the same standard as A levels, but only half of the content: AS level German pupils take the A-level German language exam, but do not take the A-level German Literature exam.

GNVQs are vocational qualifications. Pupils usually take on GNVQ in subjects such as Business, Leisure and Tourism, Manufacturing, and Art and Design. One GVNQ (at advanced level) is equal to two A levels.

1. Britain began to have a National Curriculum .

A. one hundred years ago B. in the nineteenth century C. in 1898 D. in 1988

2. Which of the following subjects do British students NOT take exams in?

A. Science B. Physical Education C. Maths D. English Language

3. Pupils need­­­­­­­­­­­­___________ a levels to continue to study at university.

A. one or two B. two or three C. four or five D. five or six

4. Which of the following subjects do pupils NOT take on GNVQ in?

A. German Literature B. Business C. Art and Design D. Manufacturing

5. Pupils normally study for their GCSE between the ages of .

A. 12 and 14 B. 14 and 16 C. 15 and 17 D. 16 and 18

Exercise 8:

Parents send their children to school to prepare for the time when they grow up. Children learn their native language so that they will be able to communicate fluently with other people around them .Moreover, they can preserve the valuable culture and literature of their country. They learn foreign languages in order to benefit from other country’s heritage .The more foreign languages they learn ,the more benefits they get .Children also learn maths to calculate ,geography to know about nature ,and history to know about human beings and historical events .Nearly everything they study at school has some practical uses in their life.

1. How many school subjects are mentioned in the passage?

A. five B. six C. seven D. four

2. According to the passage ,children learn history to know about……

A. the mankind B. events of the history. C. people and historical events. D. practical uses of life 3. Why do children have to learn their native language ?

A. To learn foreign languages B. To communicate fluently with other people around them.

C. To know about nature D. To benefit from foreign countries’ heritage

4. Most of the things children learn at school ……

A. are useless B. have no uses C. are not necessary D. have some practical uses.

5. Parents send their children to school to…

A. learn English B. make them grow up C. prepare for their future D. play better .

Exercise 9:

University Entrance Examination is very important in Vietnamese students. High school graduates have to take it and get high results to be admitted to universities. The pressure on the candidates remains very high despite the measures that have been taken to reduce the heat around these exams, since securing a place in a state university is considered a major step towards a successful career for young people, especially those from rural areas or disadvantaged families. In the year 2004, it was estimated that nearly 1 million Vietnamese students took the University Entrance Examination, but on average only 1 out of 5 candidates succeeded. Normally, candidates take 3 exam subjects, and each lasts; 180 minutes for the fixed group of subjects they choose. There are 4 fixed groups of subjects: Group A: Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry; Group B: Mathematics, Biology, and Chemistry; Group C: Literature, History, and Geography; Group D: Literature, Foreign Language, and Mathematics.

In addition to universities, there are community colleges, art and technology institutes; professional secondary schools, and vocational schools which offer degrees or certificates from a-few-month to 2-year courses.

According to Vietnam’s Ministry of Education and Training, there are currently 23 non-public universities, accounting for 11% of the total number of universities. These non-public universities are currently training 119,464 students, or 11.7% of the total number of students. The government is planning to increase the number of non-public universities to 30% by 2007.

1. University Entrance Examination in Vietnamese is very _______.

A. interesting B. stressful C. free D. easy

2. The word those refers to _______.

A. exam subjects B. young people C. universities D. examinations

3. In 2004, the proportion of the students who got success in University Entrance Examination was about

_______ percent.

A. 5 B. 10 C. 20 D. 50

4. Which sentence refers to the University Entrance Examination in Vietnam?

A. Students find it easy to get success in the University Entrance Examination.

B. Math is compulsory in the University Entrance Examination.

C. Students are not allowed to choose their exam subjects.

D. There are four fixed groups of exam subjects for students to choose.

5. According to the passage, _______.

A. the Vietnamese government will close all non-public universities by next year.

B. the Vietnamese government does not appreciate non-public universities

C. the Vietnamese government encourages the establishing of non-public universities.

D. Vietnamese students have no alternative to continue their higher study besides universities.

Exercise 10:

As Chinese society changes, higher education is undergoing major transformations. The university model of the United States and other Western countries has a powerful influence. New trends in Chinese higher education are attracting the attention of global educators. Since the establishment of Western-oriented modern universities at the end of nineteenth century, Chinese higher education has continued to evolve. Over the past two decades, however, tremendous economic development in China has stimulated reforms in higher education that have resulted in some remarkable changes.

The first modern institution, Peiyang University, was founded in Tianjin. The university changed its name to Tianjin University in 1951 and became one of the leading universities in China: Next, Jiaotong University was founded in Shanghai in 1896. In the 1950s, most of this university was moved to Xi’an, an ancient capital city in northwest China, and became Xi’an Jiaotong University; the part of the university remaining in Shanghai was renamed Shanghai Jiaotong University.

Tianjin University celebrated its hundredth anniversary in 1995, followed by Xi’an Jiaotong and Shanghai Jiaotong Universities in 1996. Other leading universities, such as Zhejiang University (1897), Beijing University (1898), and Nanjing University (1902) also recently celebrated their hundredth anniversaries, one after another. These celebrations marked the beginning of a new chapter in Chinese higher education.

1. The text is about _______.

A. Chinese education system B. some famous universities in China

C. the western influences on Chinese education D. application for a university in China

2. Chinese higher education _______.

A. is not affected by any others B. has not really well-developed

C. has developed since the end of nineteenth century D. is not paid any attention by global educators

3. Chinese higher education _______.

A. has been stable since nineteenth century B. has decreased over the past two decades

C. has not got any changes

D. has been affected by the country’s economic development

4. Tianjin University was founded in _______.

A. 1895 B. 1896 C. 1950 D. 1951

5. Which university celebrated the hundredth anniversaries in 2002?

A. Nanjing University B. Shanghai Jiaotong University

C. Xi’an Jiaotong University D. Beijing University

Exercise 11:

These following tips may help you make a good impression on your job interviewer during the interview:

  • Before entering enquire by saying, “May I come in sir/madam?”.

  • If the door was closed before you entered, make sure you shut the door behind you softly.

  • Look at the interviewer and confidently say ‘Good day sir/madam’.

  • If the interviewer wants to shake hands, then offer a firm grip first maintaining eye contact and a smile.

  • Seek permission to sit down. If the interviewer is standing, wait for them to sit down first before you take your seat.

  • An alert interviewee would diffuse the tense situation with light-hearted humor and immediately set rapport with the interviewer.

  • The interviewer normally pays more attention if you display an enthusiasm in whatever you say. This enthusiasm comes across in the energetic way you put forward your ideas.

  • You should maintain a cheerful disposition throughout the interview.

  • A little humor or wit thrown in the discussion occasionally enables the interviewer to look at the pleasant side of your personality.

  • You must maintain eye contact with the interviewer. This shows your self-confidence and honesty. Many interviewees while answering questions, tend to look away. This conveys you are concealing your own anxiety, fear and lack of confidence. Maintaining an eye contact is a difficult process. As the circumstances in an interview are different, the value of eye contact is tremendous in making a personal impact.

  • Interviewers appreciate a natural person rather than an actor. It is best for you to talk in natural manner because then you appear genuine.

1. The writer attitude is _______.

A. optimistic B. pessimistic C. advisory D. informative

2. According to the writer, _______.

A. shaking hands is a must in a job interview B. you should slam the door after entering the room

C. you needn’t ask for a permission to enter the room D. eye contact is necessary in a job interview

3. The writer advises that _______.

A. permission to sit down is unnecessary B. you should not take your seat before the interview sits down

C. you should shake the interview’s hand as firmly as possible D. you should conceal your enthusiasm

4. Which is not advised in a job interview?

A. a lack of confident B. honesty C. a sense of humor D. a cheerful disposition

5. During your job interview, you should communicate _______ with the interview.

A. naturally B. dramatically C. anxiously D. dishonestly

Exercise 12:

Preparation is a key to a successful interview. Does the idea of going to a job interview make you feel a little nervous? Many people find that it is the hardest part of the employing process. But it is not really true. The more you prepare and practice, the more comfortable you will feel. You should find out as much as possible about the company before you go to the interview. Understand the products that they produce and the services that they provide. It is also good to know who the customers are and who the major competitors are. Practice makes perfect. It will also make you feel more confident and relaxed. So, practice your answers to common questions. Make a list of questions to ask, too. Almost all interviewers will ask if you have questions. This is a great opportunity for you to show your keenness, enthusiasm, and knowledge.

Make a great impression. The interview is your chance to show that you are the best person for the job. Your application or resume has already exhibited that you are qualified. Now it is up to you to show how your skills and experience match this position and this company. The employer will be looking and listening to determine if you are a good fit. He/she will be looking for a number of different qualities, in addition to the skills that you possess. To make the best impression, dress appropriately; express your strengths; arrive early, by about 10-15 minutes; be enthusiastic; shake hands firmly; be an active listener; sit up straight and maintain eye contact; and ask questions

After the interview, follow up with a thank-you note. This is a chance for you to restate your interest and how you can benefit the company. Your best bet is to try to time it so that the note gets there before the hiring: decision is made. You should also follow up with a phone call if you do not hear back from the employer within the specified time.

1. The pronoun it refers to ________.

A. the job b. the interview C. the interviewer D. the preparation

2. What does the writer advise you to practice?

A. Asking and answering questions related to the job. B. Making products that the company produces.

C. Providing services that the company serves. D. Meeting some customers and competitors.

3. Which should not be shown during your interview?

A. Punctuality B. A firm hand shaking C. Being properly-dressed D. Weaknesses

4. You can show your qualifications in the

A. dressing style and punctuality B. competing with the competitors

C. resume and letter of application D. eye contact with the interview

5. Which is not included in the writer’s advice?

A. You should not communicate with the interviewer after the interview.

B. You ‘should make the best impression in the interview.

C. You should write a note to say thanks to the interviewer after the interview,

D. You should telephone the interviewer for any information after the interview.

Exercise 13:

Vietnam is a densely-populated, developing country that in the last 30 years has had to recover from the ravages of war. Substantial progress was achieved from1986 to 1997 in moving forward from an extremely low level of development and significantly reducing poverty.

Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic liberalization and international integration. They have moved to implement the structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. .

Vietnam’s membership in the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and entry into force of the US-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement in December 2001.have led to even more rapid changes in Vietnam’s trade and economic regime. Vietnam’s exports to the US doubled in 2002 and again in 2003.

Vietnam joined the WTO (World Trade Organization) in January 2007, following over a decade long negotiation process. This should provide ail important boost to the economy and should help to ensure the continuation of liberalizing reforms.

Vietnam is working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one million people every year. Vietnamese authorities have tightened monetary and fiscal policies to stem high inflation. Hanoi is targeting an economic growth rate of 7.5-8% during the next five years.

1. Vietnam’s economy is _____________.

A. decreasing B. facing crisis C. developing D. backward

2. According to the text, Vietnam __________.

A. used to be well-developed before 1986 B. Vietnam is still in extreme poverty

C. could recover from the consequences of the war soon D. has been modernizing the economy

3. Vietnam __________.

A. does not export anything to the US B. exported to the US in 2003 twice as much goods as in 2002

C. did not export goods to the US in 2002 D. did not export goods to the US in 2003

4. The word This refers to ___________.

A. Vietnam’s joining the WTO B. the WTO C. the negotiating process D. the Vietnamese economy

5. The word stem has a close meaning to ___________.

A. succeed B. stop C. originate D. increase

Exercise 14:

In 1986 Vietnam launched a political and economic innovation campaign (Doi Moi) that introduced reforms intended to facilitate the transition from a centralized economy to a “socialist-oriented market economy.” Doi Moi combined government planning with free-market incentives. The program abolished agricultural collectives, removed price controls on agricultural goods, and enabled farmers to sell their goods in the marketplace. It encouraged the establishment of private businesses and foreign investment, including foreign-owned enterprises.

By the late 1990s, .the success of the business and agricultural reforms ushered in under Doi Moi was evident. More than 30,000 private businesses had been created, and the economy was growing at an annual rate of more than 7 percent. From the early 1990s to 2005, poverty declined from about 50 percent to 29 percent of the population. However, progress varied geographically, with most prosperity concentrated in urban areas, particularly in and around Ho Chi Minh City. In general, rural areas also made progress, as rural housel olds living in poverty declined from 66 percent of the total in 1993to 36 percent in 2002. By contrast, concentrations of poverty remained in certain rural areas, particularly the northwest, north-central coast, and central highlands.

Government control of the economy and a nonconvertible currency have protected Vietnam from what could have been a more severe impact resulting from the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.

1. The Vietnamese Doi Moi campaign _______.

A. has not interfered with politics B. has focused on centralized economy.

C. is not in favour of socialism D. came into being in 1986

2. From the content of the text, the readers can learn that _______.

A. Vietnam used to have agricultural collectives

B. there used to be many foreign-owned enterprises before 1986 in Vietnam

C. before 1986, the Vietnamese government did not control prices on agricultural goods

D. The Vietnamese Doi Moi campaign has not allowed foreign-owned enterprises

3. Which rate has decreased?

A. Poverty B. Population C. Economy D. Business

4. The development in Vietnam _______.

A. has been equal in every part of the country B. has focused only on agriculture

C. is more prosperous in big cities than that in the countryside

D. is more prosperous in the countryside than that in big cities

5. According to the last paragraph, _______.

A. the Vietnamese government did nothing to overcome the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.

B. The Vietnamese economy was not affected by the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.

C. the Vietnamese government found it difficult to control the financial crisis.

D. the Vietnamese government could not protect the economy from the East Asian financial crisis in 1997.

Exercise 15:

In the future, maybe all cars that run on petrol will be replaced by solar cars, which have been around for a while, but with recent developments in solar car design and the measurement of photovoltaic cells becoming smaller, the dream of a truly efficient solar car is more reality than fantasy. A solar car is a vehicle powered by photovoltaic cells, also called solar cells, which convert sunlight (light energy) into electrical energy. As a source of energy on earth, there is nothing like the sun: in a mere one thousandth of one second (.001), the sun emits enough energy to fulfill our planet’s energy needs for the next 5,000 years. It is a staggering fact, and an exciting one. Since the energy from the sun is responsible for renewable resources such as wind, tides, and heat, solar energy seems to offer the brightest future for not only cars, but for the entire energy crisis. Despite the appearance that solar energy may be the least feasible among the current crop of alternative fuel propositions, new solar powered devices and more specifically solar powered cars are beginning to be developed. How do Solar. Cars work?

The photo-voltaic cells absorb photons from sunlight. This action generates heat, which the cells then convert into electrical energy and stores in an on-board battery. This process of conversion is called the photovoltaic effect. Not surprisingly, such a vehicle has zero emissions, and is very environmentally friendly. Unfortunately, at the moment photovoltaic cells are extremely inefficient, yet as time progresses the efficiency of these cells will grow. This will make solar energy and solar cars the fuel and car of the future-a closer reality.

1. According to the text, _______.

A. up to now, we have designed some solar cars B. solar cars have been very .popular for many years

C. we have not produced any solar cars yet D. solar cars are not as much appreciated as other kinds of car

2. A solar car is supplied power from _______.

A. gas B. petrol C. photovoltaic cells D. electricity

3. Which can not help us to solve the problem of energy crisis?

A. wind B. tide C. the sun D. heat from the moon

4. According to the text, _______

A. no powered solar devices have been developed so far

B. besides solar car, we have also developed solar powered device

C. solar energy plans are more feasible than wind energy plans

D. tide can supply more energy than the sun

5. The photovoltaic effect is _______.

A. the process of operating a solar car B. the process of absorbing photons from the sun

C. the developing of solar cars and solar powered devices

D. the converting of heat from the sun into electricity

Exercise 16:

In the future, genetic engineering will allow us to create the perfect human. It will be hard to get used to. Parents will order a baby who ‘will grow up to become his new job because he is not quite prepared a genius or to have a Miss World appearance. Also, genetic engineering will allow us to mix plants and animals.

As computers have advanced, they have helped us remember, calculate, organize, and clarify. So it will become easier to deal with things, and much quicker. At a point in a future time, some may claim that computers become about as smart as Newton or Einstein. More advanced computers will be able to be creative, respond to feelings in a feeling way, develop intuition, recognize patterns, and suggest innovative alternatives. There is a hope if we choose to take action. We can select Internet information wisely, choose healthy computer games, limit our exposure to television commercials, and select television programs carefully. People will be aware of the importance of keeping active, getting outside to do more physical activities. We will also plan to make a major sacrifice the next time we buy a car, take the bus. Everybody will be more concerned about making environmentally friendly choices, eating healthy, and helping build a healthier society by shopping at better stores that sell better food.

Most people will be aware that a happy, loving family is a joy to be part of, and that it is a necessary foundation for building a strong society. But it is extremely important for our future that we maintain a healthy perspective. We need to value and appreciate the importance of what can be achieved by loving and committed parents. People need a strong foundation, so it is vital for our society that we encourage parents to work at creating love, joy, and happiness for their children in a .decent, stable, and productive atmosphere.

1. How many aspects of life in the future are referred in the text?

A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four

2. Which aspect is not referred in the text?

A. Education B. Genetic Engineering C. Computers D. Family

3. The phrase to have a Miss World appearance means that _______.

A. to become a Miss World B. to enter a beauty contest C. to be intelligent D. to be beautiful

4. According to the text, in the future, _______.

A. it will be difficult for us to select Internet information B. people will prefer taking a bus to buying a car

C. food will not be sold at shops

D. TV viewers will not be able to escape from seeing a lot of advertising.

5. The last paragraph is about _______.

A. family and parents’ responsibility in the future B. children’s education

C. children’s health D. how to build a strong society

Exercise 17:

A desert is a hostile, potentially deadly environment for unprepared humans. In hot deserts, high temperatures cause rapid loss of water due to sweating, and the absence of water sources with which to replenish it can result in dehydration and death within a few days. In addition, unprotected humans are also at risk from heatstroke.

Humans may also have to adapt to sandstorms in some deserts, not just in their adverse effects on respiratory systems and eyes, but also in their potentially harmful effects on equipment such as filters, vehicles and communication equipment. Sandstorms can last for hours, sometimes even days.

Despite this, some cultures have made hot deserts ‘their home for thousands of years, including the Bedouin, Tuareg tribe, and Pueblo people. Modern technology, including advanced irrigation systems, desalinization and air conditioning, has made deserts much more hospitable, In the United States and Israel for example, desert farming has found extensive use.

In cold deserts, hypothermia and frostbite are the chief hazards, as well as dehydration in the absence of a source of heat to melt ice for drinking. Falling through pack-ice or surface ice layers into freezing water is a particular danger requiring emergency action to prevent rapid hypothermia. Starvation is also a hazard; in low temperatures the body requires much more food energy to maintain body heat and to move. As with hot deserts, some people such as the Inuit have adapted to the harsh conditions of cold deserts.

1. The text is about ________.

A. troubles that human beings have to face in a desert B. desert storms and desert inhabitants

C. hot deserts and cold deserts in the United States D. desert hospitality and environment

2. Which is not a problem for an unprepared man in a hot desert?

A. sandstorm B. loss of water C. irrigation D. heatstroke

3. Sandstorms ________.

A. do no harm to machinery B. have effects only on the eyes

C. never lasts more than one hour D. have bad effects on both human beings and machinery

4. Which sentence is true?

A. No one can survive in both hot and cold deserts. B. Modern technology makes deserts more hospitable.

C. In the United States, all deserts are quite uninhabited D. There are no deserts in Israel.

5. Which is not a problem in cold deserts?

A. Starvation B. Hypothermia C. Frostbite D. Body heat

Exercise 18:

Approximately one-third of the Earth’s land surface is desert, arid land with meager rainfall that supports only sparse vegetation and a limited population of people and animals. Deserts have been portrayed as fascinating environments of adventure and exploration. These arid regions are called deserts because they are dry. They may be hot. They may be cold. They may be regions of sand or vast areas of rocks with occasional plants.

Deserts are natural laboratories in which to study the interactions of wind and sometimes water on the arid surfaces of planets. They contain valuable mineral deposits that were formed in the arid environment or that were exposed by erosion. Because deserts are dry, they are ideal places for human artifacts and fossils to be preserved. Deserts are also fragile environments. The misuse of these lands is a serious and growing problem in parts of our world.

There are many animals in the desert. Some are very large, like the kangaroo or the gazelle. Both are big and have to travel long distances for water at a spring, or an oasis. Another fairly large animal is the addax. The addax is a desert antelope. They live in the Sahara Desert. All addaxes are herbivores. There are less than 200 of them left because of hunting and tourists. Some animals crawl along. Examples of these are snakes and lizards. Snakes rarely drink water; they get their moisture from other prey that they eat. So do others, like the kangaroo rat. Lizards are commonly found in the desert. They stay out of the sun and move as little as possible. There are also other animals in the desert. The fennec lives in northern Africa in the Sahara Desert. They are a relative of the fox. They eat mice, small birds, lizards, and insects. When necessary, they will eat fruit. One more desert animal is the jerboa. The jerboa is a small, long distance jumper that lives in the desert. They are free drinking animals and they eat plants, seeds, and bugs.

1. Deserts ________.

A. are rare in the world B. are more arid more populous

C. are all hot all the time D. may be both hot and cold

2. The word They refers to ________.

A. deserts B. natural laboratories C. planets D. mineral deposits

3. Which is not true about deserts?

A. arid B. hot C. humid D. dry

4. According to the second paragraph, ________.

A. we should use desert land properly to avoid serious problems

B. we can exploit as much fossil as possible in deserts

C. there are no erosion in deserts

D. deserts are ideal places for growing land

5. The last paragraph expresses that ________.

A. none of animals can survive in deserts

B. hunting and tourists cause the decreasing of addaxes in the Sahara Desert.

C. snakes in deserts need more water than any other species

D. addaxes are the most populous species in deserts

Exercise 19:

Asian elephants used to live in the forests from Iraq to Southern China. Since these forests were cut down to make room for farms and villages, the elephants had to live in small, hilly regions. These small areas cannot supply enough food for them. An adult elephant eats about 331 pounds of grasses, leaves and other plants each day. When forests were larger, Asian elephants migrated with the seasons. In this way, they found new food supplies. The plants and trees could also grow again after elephants left.

Today, there is nowhere for the elephants to go. Experts say that the Asian elephant population is about 55,000 living on a habitat of about 19,000 square miles (30,400 square kilometres). In contrast to this, the African elephant population is about 10 times this size and live on almost 3 million square miles (4.8 million square kilometers) of available habitat.

1. How much does an adult elephant eat a day?

A. About 150 kg of grasses leaves and other plants. B. About 331 kg of grasses leaves and other plants.

C. About 19,000 kg of grasses leaves and other plants. D. About 30,400 kg of grasses leaves and other plants.

2. How can Asian elephants find new food supplies?

A. They made forests larger. B. They found other plants.

C. They migrated with the seasons. D. They could grow plants and trees.

3. How many African elephants are there today?

A. 19,000. B. 30,400. C. 55,000. D. 550,000.

4. Which of these sentences is true to the text?

A. Asian elephantshabitat is bigger than Africans. B. Asian elephantshabitat is as big as Africans.

C. Africans habitat is bigger than Asian. D. Africans habitat isnt so big as Asian.

5. According to the text, Asian elephants can be extinct because of

A. hunting. B. loss of habitat. C. change of climate. D. polluted environment.

Exercise 20:

By the year 2025, the Earth could lose as many as one fifth of all species known to exist today. In recent centuries, hundreds of species have disappeared, almost always as a result of human activities. The passenger pigeon, one familiar example, was a source of food until excessive hunting and habitat loss caused its extinction in 1914. The North American bison, whose populations were decimated by settlers and market hunters in the 1800s, came close to sharing the same fate. Bison survive today only because of the efforts of early conservationists.

Today, species require such efforts more urgently than ever. An essential task that falls to present-day conservationists is to determine which species are most, endangered, so that conservation resources’ can be applied where action is needed most. Species are categorized by the degree to which their survival in the wild is threatened. World Wildlife Fund offers a sampling of animals and plants that fall mainly within the two most serious categories of- threat: critically endangered and endangered. What threatens these species’ existence? Some of the top threats are habitat destruction by unsustainable logging and ever-encroaching human settlement; pollution of water, soil, and air by toxic chemicals; unnatural climate changes due to fossil fuel use; unmanaged fishing that exhausts fish stocks; and illegal hunting to supply the demand for skins, hides, traditional medicines, food, and tourist souvenirs. The list which conservationists presents only a fraction of the species at risk of extinction today and does not include thousands of species whose status we do not yet know. Hundreds of species without common names have been left out, which means that while many mammals are on this list, only a few insects and mollusks are included.

Species listed here range from the largest animal on Earth, the blue whale, to the majestic tiger, to the humble thick-shell pond snail. Large or small, beautiful or ugly, all species play a role in the complex circle of life. All of us depend on the natural resources of our planet. Each time a species is lost, the complexity, natural balance, and beauty of our world is diminished. And what threatens plants and animals ultimately threatens people as well.

1. According to the first paragraph _______.

A. species extinction is only caused by hunting

B. human beings protect wife life much more than they do harm to them

C. the main cause of species extinction is human activities

D. we can stop radically species extinction by 2025

2. The North American bison _______.

A. was completely extinct in 1800s B. was not the aim of human hunting

C. was raised by settlers in 1800s D. has escaped from extinction thanks to conservationists

3. Species are categorized _______.

A. to prevent hunting B. to provide food

C. to destroy their habitats D. to give preferential right to conserve

4. Which sentence is true?

A. Medicine is not a factor to cause species extinction.

B. The list which conservationists present does not include all kinds of species.

C. Pollution does nothing to species extinction.

D. Conservationists have good knowledge of all kinds of mollusks.

5. According to the last paragraph, _______.

A. species extinction has no relationship to human beings

B. what threaten plants and animals can do nothing to human beings

C. human beings depend on natural resources to survive

D. not every, species has a role in the circle of life.

Exercise 21:

Thank you for becoming a member of Green Town Public Library. We hope that you will enjoy using our facilities, but to ensure that your patrons receive the best service, we ask you to observe the following regulations:

  • You are required to carry your library card to enter and to use the library.

  • This card must be used only by the member to whom it is issued.

  • For reasons of security, bags and other personal possessions should not be left unattended. The library has no

  • responsibility in case of damage to or theft of personal property.

  • The use of cell phones in the library is prohibited. If you fail to observe this requirement you may be asked to

  • leave the library.

  • Smoking is not allowed anywhere on the library premises. Please extinguish all cigarettes before entering, and

  • go outside if you wish to smoke.

  • Books must be returned when requested if other patrons need them, or a fine must be paid.

  • A fine of 20 cents per day is payable on books returned late. There is no maximum limit on late fines.

  • If a library user loses a book, he or she must pay the costs of a new hardback edition.

1. Who would need to read this sign?

A. Librarians B. Parents with children

C. Library members D. People who want to get a new library card

2. Who may use a members library card?

A. The member and his or her family B. The member and his or her friends

C. Only the member D. Anyone

3. What rule does the library have regarding peoples bags inside the library?

A. All bags must be left at the desk B. Bags are not allowed

C. Only small bags are allowed D. People must watch their own bags

4. What is maximum fee for someone who returns their books late?

A. 20 cents B. There is no fee C. There is no maximum fee D. They must buy a new book

5. What must a library member do if he / she loses the book borrowed?

A. He/ she must pay the fees of 20 cents. B. A fine must be paid.

C. He or she must pay for new hardback edition. D. He must return to other patrons if needed.

6. What does it refer to?

A. The library member B. The library card C. The library rule D. The library service

Exercise 22:

It is often said that books are always a good friends and reading is an active mental process. Unlike TV, books make you use your brain. By reading, you think more and become smarter. Reading improves concentration and focus. Reading books takes brain power. It requires you to focus on what you are reading for long periods. Unlike magazines, Internet posts or e-Mails that might contain small pieces of information. Books tell the whole story”. Since you must concentrate in order to read, you will get better at concentration. Many studies show if you do not use your memory; you lose it. Reading helps you stretch your memory muscles. Reading requires remembering details, facts and figures and in literature, plot lines, themes and characters.

Reading is a good way to improve your vocabulary. Do you remember that when you were at elementary school you learned how to infer the meaning of one word by reading the context of the other words in the sentence? While reading books, especially challenging ones, you will find yourself exposed to many new words.

Reading is a fundamental skill builder. Every good course has a matching book to go with it. Why? Because books help clarify difficult subjects. Books provide information that goes deeper than just classroom discussions By reading more books you become better informed and more of an expert on the topics you read about. This expertise translates into higher self-esteem. Since you are so well-read, people look to you for answers. Your feelings about yourself can only get better.

Books give you knowledge of other cultures and places. The more information you have got, the richer your knowledge is. Books can expand your horizons by letting you see what other cities and countries have to offer before you visit them.

1. Books have great influence on ________.

A. TV B. friendship C. brain D. muscles

2. When you are reading a book, ________.

A. you have to read small pieces of information B. you use your brain in concentration and focus

C. you have to read during a very long time D. you lose your memory

3. A challenging book ________.

A. helps you to improve your vocabulary B. is only for primary pupils

C. can translate all new words D. contains a lot of difficult vocabulary

4. Books ________.

A. are compulsory in every course B. are not needed in most of course

C. contain less information than class discussions D. make a sick patient feel better

5. Books cannot give you ________.

A. knowledge B. information C. self-esteem D. muscles

Exercise 23:

The word “Olympic” comes from the name of the town Olympia in Greece, where the ancient Olympic Games were always held. The first Olympic Games were held in 776 B.C., and the Games took place every four years after that date until A.D.394..

In 1875, a French scholar and educator, Pierre de Coubertin, proposed that the Games should be revived as an international competition to encourage both sport and world peace. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Like the ancient Games, the athletes were men only. Women began to take part in the Games in 1900. Since that time, the Games have been held every four years as in the ancient Greece. The Games, however, did not take place in 1916, 1940 and 1944 because of the two World Wars.

Only amateur athletes are admitted to the Games, and these words appear at every Olympic opening: “The most important thing is not to win but to take part.”

1. At the first modern Olympic Games, the athletes were __________

A. women only C. men only B. both men and women D. most men and a few women

2. Who can take part in the Olympic Games ?

A. Amateur athletes only C. All athlethes B. Proffesional athletes only D. All are correct

3. The last ancient Olympic Games were held in__________

A. 1896 B. 776 B.C. C. 1875 D. A.D. 394

4. When were women allowed to take part in the Games for the first time ?

A. In 1900 B. In 1916 C. In 1875 D. In 1896

5. Which of the following is NOT true ?

A. The town Olympia was the place where the first Games were held.

B. Pierre de Coubertin suggested reviving the Olympic Games.

C.The modern Olympic Games have been held every four years in Athens.

D. The purpose of The Olympic Games is to encourage not only sport but also world peace.

Exercise 24:

The 23rd Southeast Asian Games were held in the Philippines from November 27th to December 5th in 2005. The games were participated by the eleven nations of Southeast Asia. This was the first time that the opening and closing ceremonies were held in a large open field, despite the fact that Manila has many stadiums. The organization decided to hold the games at an open space to accommodate the large number of participants and spectators. As a result, the 2005 SEA Games ranked as having the largest audience – 200,000 people – during the opening and closing ceremonies. These games were also noted for having the most number of delegates in the history of the SEA Games. In the end, all participating countries received medals.

Events in men’s football actually started on November 20th, prior to the opening ceremony. Water polo events began on November 21st, women’s football on November 23rd, sailing on November 26th, and tennis on November 26th;

The first gold medal of the games was awarded to Singapore on November 25th when their water polo team came out undefeated during the round-robin tournament round. The Philippine team took the silver medal in that event, and Malaysia brought home the bronze.

The Games were also considered a valuable opportunity for athletes to gain competition experience and preparation for the upcoming Asian Games and Olympic Games. It was purposely created to strengthen friendship, solidarity and understanding among neighboring countries in the region.

This was the third SEA Games to be hosted by the Philippines. The last two times the Philippines hosted the games were in 1981, and again in 1991.

There were 1,461 medals awarded, 444 of which were gold, 434 were silver, and 583 were bronze.

  1. Up to now, the Philippines has hosted the SEA Games _______ times.

A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5

  1. According to the first paragraph, _______.

A. the opening and closing ceremonies were hold in the stadiums of Manila

B. only four of eleven participating countries got medals

C. the 23rd SEA Games had been over by the end of November, 2005

D. the number of audience in the 23rd SEA Games was about 200,000 people

  1. Which sport was first competed in the 23rd SEA Games?

A. Water polo B. Tennis C. Men’s football D. Sailing

  1. Which was not mentioned in the 23rd SEA Games?

A. Peace B. Friendship C. Solidarity D. Understanding

  1. Which country got the first gold medal in the 23rd SEA Games?

A. Vietnam B. Singapore C. The Philippines D. Malaysia

Exercise 25:

The 22nd SEA Games, hosted this year by Vietnam, has joined the international movement to rid sports of tobacco. For the first time, the regional sporting event will be tobacco-free under a landmark cooperative agreement signed in April 2003 between the World Health Organization (WHO), the 22nd SEA Games Organizing Committee and the Vietnamese Ministry of Health. Hanoi Health Department has organized a press seminar to celebrate and raise awareness about the tobacco-free SEA Games.

The 22nd SEA Games is the first games hosted by Vietnam and 10 countries from the Southeast Asian region with nearly 8,000 athletes and coaches will participate. It will be the first tobacco-free international sporting event in Vietnam, joining other international tobacco-free sporting events such as the FIFA World Cup 2002, and the Winter Olympic Games 2002.

The 22nd SEA Games will ban all sales, advertising and other promotion of tobacco products, and restricts smoking in all Games venues. The aim is to protect spectators, athletes, event staff, media and other visitors from the serious health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke, as well as to change public attitudes about the social acceptability of smoking.

Madame Pascale Brudon, WHO Representative in Vietnam, stated, “Vietnam has established 3 years ago a comprehensive, ambitious national tobacco control policy and a national tobacco control program. The tobacco-free 22nd SEA Games will be yet another area where Vietnam is leading the way for other countries in the region and the world in protecting its citizens from the debilitating and disastrous consequences of tobacco use.”

WHO has provided funding and technical assistance to the SEA Games Organizing Committee and Vietnamese Ministry of Health to train of over 4,000 SEA Games organizers and volunteers on the implementation of the tobacco-free policy. An international team of trainers from the Ministry of Health, International Organization for Good Temper (lOGT), WHO and International Development Enterprises (IDE) began a series of national training workshops for volunteers in April, 2003.

The tobacco-free SEA Games are an inspiration and a model for other sport events, big and small, not only in Vietnam but also in the Southeast Asian and Western Pacific Region.

  1. In the 22nd SEA Games _______.

A. there will be the attendance of athletes from the World Health Organization

B. smoking is not allowed

C. smoking is only for the leader, not any athletes D. is held by the Vietnamese Ministry of Health

  1. According to the text, _______.

A. Vietnam has ever organized several tobacco-free sport events before the 22nd SEA Games

B. the tobacco-free SEA Games in Vietnam has not been approved by any world organizations

C. the tobacco-free SEA Games is not announced to newspapers and magazines

D. the tobacco-free SEA Games in Vietnam has been encouraged and supported by many world organizations

  1. According to the third paragraph, _______.

A. tobacco companies can have an advertising campaign during the SEA Games

B. second-hand tobacco smoke cannot cause any harm to the athletes in the 22nd SEA Games

C. cigarettes are not allowed to sell in the 22nd SEA Games venues

D. everyone can buy cigarettes in the 22nd SEA Games venues except the athletes

  1. One of the aims of the tobacco-free SEA Games is

A. to sell more and more tobacco during the event

B. to change public attitudes about the social acceptability of smoking

C. to reduce the production of tobacco

D. to help athletes to solve the problems of the serious health hazards

  1. Which sentence is not true?

A. Vietnam itself has to pay a lot for the volunteers on the implementation of the tobacco-free policy.

B. The tobacco-free SEA Games in Vietnam get great support from several world organizations

C. The tobacco-free SEA Games is considered a model for other sport events.

D. There are national training workshops for volunteers in April, 2003 for the tobacco-free SEA Games.

Exercise 26:

On Monday, May 12, 2008 a violent earthquake, measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale, happened in southwestern China’s Sichuan Province. Hundreds of aftershocks followed in the area. The earthquake destroyed thousands buildings, roads, schools and hospitals, as well as infrastructure like communication networks and electrical towers. Thousands of people died or are missing, and more than 45 million people were affected by the earthquake, which has been the worst natural disaster to hit China for 30 years.

The American Red Cross has contributed $20 million to support the relief and recovery efforts of the Red Cross Society of China. These funds will be used to assist survivors through the purchase and distribution of relief supplies, coordination of logistics and transportation of disaster workers to the hardest hit areas. The American Red Cross has also sent relief experts to the affected area to help monitor and coordinate the response efforts. On June 6, the American Red Cross co-hosted a forum to address the U.S. response and recovery efforts following the earthquake. More than 30 representatives from humanitarian organizations, the business companies and the government participated in the event.

More than 35,000 staff and volunteers with the Red Cross Society of China responded to the disaster by distributing food, water, tents and other essential items. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are providing 100,000 tents to help those in need.

The Red Cross Society of China is a very strong organization with extensive experience responding to disasters. The American Red Cross has long history of working with the Red Cross Society of China, going to back to famines in 1906 and including severe storms earlier this year. There has been a close contact between the Red Cross Society of China and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, arid they have been ready to provide additional support such as disaster workers, relief supplies or financial assistance.

Concerned family and friends in the United States may have difficulty contacting their loved ones because telecommunication has been out of work by this disaster. If they are trying to reach relatives living in China or those who are citizens of China, the American Red Cross suggests them keep calling or try contacting other family members who live nearby.

  1. The earthquake on May 12, 2008 in China _______.

A. left no aftershocks B. destroyed everything except communication networks

C. caused no human loss D. had effects on more than 45 million people

  1. According to the second paragraph, _______.

A. the American Red Cross helped the Red Cross Society of China to recover from the earthquake

B. the American Red Cross owed the Red Cross Society of China $20 million

C. the victims of the earthquake were not helped to buy necessary things

D. disaster workers were not sent to the hardest hit areas because of the aftershocks

  1. Which sentence is not true?

A. There are more than 30 representatives from humanitarian organizations, the business companies and the government in the US helping the Chinese earthquake victims.

B. The American government did not do anything to help the earthquake victims in China.

C. The American Red Cross has contributed $20 million to help the earthquake victims in China.

D. The American Red Cross has also sent relief experts to help the earthquake victims in China.

  1. Which is not mentioned about the Red Cross Society of China?

A. It is a strong organization.

B. It gets on well with the American Red Cross.

C. It supplied the earthquake victims a lot of things except tents.

D. It has extensive experience responding to disasters.

  1. After the earthquakes _______.

A. it has been difficult to contact with the resident in the ,attacked area

B. the American Red Cross advised people not to keep contact with the victims

C. contacting with the victims was not a problem

D. everything has been in order soon

Exercise 27:

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April, 1948, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization.

The WHO’s constitution, states that its objective is “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.” Its major task is to combat diseases, especially key infectious diseases, and to promote the general health of the people of the world. The WHO also sponsors programs to prevent and treat serious epidemics such as SARS, malaria, and AIDS. The WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs. After over 2 decades of fighting smallpox, the WHO declared in 1980 that the disease had been eradicated – the first disease in history to be eliminated by human effort.

The WHO is nearing success in developing vaccines against malaria and aims to eradicate polio within the next few years. The organization has already endorsed the world’s first official HIV/AIDS Tool kit for Zimbabwe making it an international standard. In addition to its work in eradicating disease, the WHO also carries out various health-related campaigns, for example, to boost the consumption of fruits and vegetables worldwide and to discourage tobacco use.

Experts met at the WHO headquarters in Geneva in February, 2007, and reported that their work on pandemic influenza vaccine development had achieved encouraging progress. More than 40 clinic trials have been completed or are ongoing. Most have focused on healthy adults. Some companies, after completing safety analyses in adults, have initiated clinical trials in the elderly and in children. All vaccines so far appear to be safe arid well-tolerated in all age groups tested.

  1. The World Health Organization (WHO) _______.

A. works on international public health B. has no relation to the United Nations

C. only takes care of Swiss people D. has no predecessor

  1. Which is not mentioned in the second paragraph ‘as the tasks of the World Health Organization?

A. to promote the general health of everyone in the world

B. to support pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs

C. To combat diseases

D. To supply food for patients.

  1. According to the text, which disease has been eradicated?

A. Malaria B. AIDS C. SARS D. Smallpox

  1. According to the third paragraph, the World Health Organization ______.

A. has not developed vaccines against malaria yet B. is trying to eradicate polio

C. is not concerned about polio D. also carries out various health-related campaigns

  1. Influenza vaccine _______.

A. has only been used for adults B. cannot be used for children

C. has appeared to be safe in all age groups tested D. causes bad effects on children and elderly people

Exercise 28:

Today, more and more women are actively participating in social activities both in urban and rural areas. Specifically, they have shined brightly in even many fields commonly regarded as the man’s areas such as business, scientific research and social management. In some areas, women even show more overwhelming power than men. The image of contemporary Vietnamese women with creativeness, dynamism, success has become popular in Vietnam’s society. The fact reveals that the gender gap has been remarkably narrowed and women enjoy many more opportunities to pursue their social careers and obtain success, contributing to national socio-economic development. According to Ms, Le Thi Quy, Director of the Gender/and Development Research Centre under the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi National University, gender equity in Vietnam has reached a high level over the past decade. The rate of Vietnamese women becoming National Assembly members from the 9th term to the 11th term increased 8.7%, bringing the proportion of Vietnamese women in authority to 27.3%, the highest rate in Southeast Asia. There is no big gap in the level of literacy and schooling between men and women. Women account for about 37% of university and college graduates, 19.9% of doctoral degree holders and 6.7% of professors and associate professors.

The legitimate rights of women and children are ensured more than ever before with more complete legal documents including laws, conventions and national action plans, among which the laws on “gender equity” mark a turning-point in the empowerment of women.

Mass media also highlights the continued success of women in every field and honors their great importance in modern society, helping to do away with outdated perceptions about traditional women’s duties. Many projects on reproductive health care, children protection, and family income improvement jointly conducted by various mass organizations, state agencies and non-governmental organizations have created favorable conditions for women to become involved.

  1. The text is about ________.

A. the changes in the status of Vietnamese women B. the Vietnamese women’s liberation

C. the Vietnamese sex Discrimination D. the discrimination that Vietnamese women have to face

  1. Which adjective is not used to describe Vietnamese women?

A. successful B. creative C. narrow D. dynamic

  1. According to the data in the text, ________.

A. Vietnamese women do not take part in authority

B. the level of literacy and schooling between men and women in Vietnam is the same

C. there are more women in authority in Vietnam than those in any other countries in Southeast Asia .

D. there are no female professors in Vietnam

  1. Vietnamese women ________.

A. have few opportunities to develop their intellectual ability

B. have only shined brightly in doing housework C. cannot do any scientific research

D. are ensured their rights with laws, conventions and national action plans

  1. Which is not mentioned in the text as a project to create condition for Vietnamese women?

A. Traditional women’s duties B. Reproductive health care

C. Children protection D. Family income improvement

Exercise 29:

It has been thought that women are the second class in citizen, and men are the first. There is not a real equality of opportunity for men and women. Years ago, people were living in a man-dominated society. Women had to obey their husbands and fathers absolutely. Women’s place was in the kitchen and women’s work was housework. In many places, women were not even’ allowed to go to school. Women had no rights, even the right to choose husband for themselves. Men usually occupied high positions in society so they thought they were more intelligent than women. Men often considered women as their property. Sometimes, they were mistreated by their husbands and suffered the problem as a fate. Many parents did not even want to daughters.

Despite the progress, there remain outdated beliefs about women’s roles, traditionally passed down from generation to generation. Men are commonly seen as the strong bodies, bread-winners in the family and key leaders in society, while women are restricted to being housewives and child bearing and care, and housework such as washing and cooking.

According to social surveys, many women in the 21st century still have to work over 12 hours a day including working in offices and doing countless household chores without any help from their husbands. In some regions, the labor of women is not recognized despite the hardships they endure to support the whole family. Moreover, women are the direct victims of family violence, especially in rural areas.

Thanks to the women’s liberation movement, nowadays women have proved that they are equal to men in every aspect. An average woman has weaker muscles than an average man but she may be as intelligent as he is. Women can do everything that men can, and women can do one thing that no man can: they produce children.

  1. Which is not women’s role in the former days?

A. Working in authority B. Doing Housework C. Doing cooking D. Bearing and rearing children

  1. Years ago, women are pot allowed ________.

A. to work in the kitchen B. to go to school C. to do housework D. to stay at home with their parents

  1. What did women have to suffer?

A. Good schooling B. Choosing a husband themselves C. Enjoy their housework D. Illiteracy

  1. The outdated ‘beliefs about women’s roles ________.

A. have been eradicated completely B. disappeared soon after the women’s liberation movement

C. still exist at present . D. was forced to change after the women’s liberation movement

  1. According to the text, women in the 21st century ________.

A. do not have to do housework any more

B. are still the victims of family violence in some rural areas

C. get help from their husbands with all housework

D. spend less than 12 hours working outside the home and doing housework

Exercise 30:

On 8 August 1967, five leaders – the Foreign Ministers of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand- sat down together in the main hall of the Department of Foreign Affairs building in Bangkok, Thailand and signed a document. By virtue of that document, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was born. The five Foreign Ministers who signed it have been considered as the founders of probably the most successful intergovernmental organization in the developing world today. The document that they signed would be known as the ASEAN Declaration.

It is a short, simply-worded document containing just five articles. It declares the establishment of an Association for Regional Cooperation among the Countries of Southeast Asia to be known as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and spells out the aims and purposes of that Association. These aims and purposes are about the cooperation in economy, society, culture, techniques, education and other fields, and in the promotion of regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the principles of the United Nations Charter. It stipulates that the Association will be open for participation by all States in the Southeast Asian region subscribing to its aims, principles and purposes. It proclaims ASEAN as representing the collective will of the nations of Southeast Asia to bind themselves together in friendship and cooperation and, through joint efforts and sacrifices, secure for their peoples and for posterity the blessings of peace, freedom and prosperity. The goal of ASEAN, then, is to create, not to destroy.

The original ASEAN logo presented five brown sheaves of rice stalks, one for each founding member. Beneath the sheaves is the legend “ASEAN” in blue. These are set on a field of yellow encircled by a blue border. Brown stands for strength and stability, yellow for prosperity and blue for the spirit of cordiality in which ASEAN affairs are conducted. When ASEAN celebrated its 30th Anniversary in 1997, the sheaves on the logo had increased to ten -representing all ten countries of Southeast Asia and reflecting the colors of the flags of all of them. In a very real sense, ASEAN and Southeast Asia will be one and the same, just as the founders had envisioned.

  1. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations ________.

A. consists of some Western nations B. was established by the Philippines

C. was founded on 8 August 1967

D. was established by the Minister of the Department of Foreign Affairs of Thailand

  1. The pronoun it in the first paragraph refers to ________.

A. the Association of Southeast Asian Nations B. the most successful inter-governmental organization

C. Bangkok D. the ASEAN Declaration

  1. Which adjective can be used to describe the Association of Southeast Asian Nations?

A. successful B. illegal C. nongovernmental D. developing

  1. Which does not belong to the purpose and aim of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations?